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Vocabulary Finals

Final Exam History

Renaissance a period of European history during which renewed intrest in classical culture led to far-reaching change in art, learning, and views of the world
Reformation a 16th century movement for religious reform, leading to the founding of Christian churches that rejected the pope's authority
indulgences a pardon releasing a person from punishments due for a sin
Vernacular the everyday language of people in a region or country
John Calvin believed that the ideal goverment was a theory
Theocracy a government controlled by religious leaders
Conquistadors the Spanish soldiers, explorers, and fortune hunters who took part in India-also known as the Indian National Congress
Mestizo a person of mixed Spanish and Native ancestry
Middle Passage the voyage that brought captured Africans to the West Indies to be sold as slaves
Triangular Trade the transatlantic trading network along which slaves and other goods were carried between Africa, England, and West Indies, and the colonies of North American
Capitalism an economic system based on private ownership and on the investment of money in business ventures in order to make a profit
Mercantilism an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods then they bought
Christopher Columbus The competition prompted a sea captain named _____________ to make a daring voyage from Spain in 1492.
Puritans a group of people who sought freedom from religious persecution in England by founding a colony at Massachusetts Bay in early 1600s
Joint-Stock Companies a business in which investors pool their wealth for a common purpose, then shared the profits
Created by: Alisha B.