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Chapter 13

European Middle Ages

TermDefinition
Middle Ages Era in European history that followed the fall of the Roman Empire, lasting from about 500-1500. Also called the medieval period
Franks Germanic people who settled in the Roman province of Gaul (modern France) and established a great empire during the Middle Ages
Monastery A religious community of men (called monks) who have given up their possessions to devote themselves to a life of prayer and worship
Secular Concerned with worldly rather than spiritual matters
Carolingian Dynasty A dynasty of Frankish rules, lasting from 751-987. Greatest ruler was Charlemagne
Charlemagne Greatest king of the Carolingian dynasty. Spread Christianity throughout the area that makes up modern France to Germany
Lord In feudal Europe, a person who controlled land and could therefore grant estates to vassals
Fief An estate granted to a vassal by a lord under the feudal system in medieval Europe
Vassal In feudal Europe, a person who received a grant of land from a lord in exchange for a pledge of loyalty and services
Knight In medieval Europe, an armored warrior who fought on horseback
Serf A medieval peasant legally bound to live on a lord's estate
Manor A lord's estate in feudal Europe
Tithe A family's payment of one-tenth of its income to a church
Chivalry A code of behavior for knights in medieval Europe, stressing ideals such as courage, loyalty, and devotion
Tournament A mock battle between groups of knights
Troubadour A medieval poet and musician who traveled from place to place, entertaining people with songs of courtly love
Clergy A body of officers who perform religious services-such as priests, ministers, or rabbis
Sacrament One of the Christian ceremonies in which God's grace is transmitted to people
Canon law The body of laws governing the religious practices of a Christian church
Holy Roman Empire An empire established in Europe in the 10th century AD, originally consisting mainly of lands in what is now Germany and Italy
Lay investiture The appointment of religious officials by kings or nobles
Created by: tj03tayl