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Aztec and Mayans

TermDefinition
chinampas floating gardens used as a method of farming
Cochineal a beetle that is used to make a red dye
conquistador the Spanish word for “conqueror”
Hernan Cortez the leader of the Spanish expedition that encountered the Aztec civilization
hieroglyphs the written language that uses pictures instead of words
Mesoamerica a region of Mexico and Central America where ancient civilizations lived before Europeans arrived in America
Moctezuma II the leader of the Aztecs when the Spanish arrived
polytheism the belief in many gods
Quetzalcoatl an Aztec god of creation
terraces a method of farming in which flat areas of land are cut into the sides of hillsides
Tenochtitlan Aztec civilization’s capital city
slash-and-burn a method of farming used by the Mayans in order to kill trees in the jungle so they could make farmland
smallpox a disease brought to America by the Europeans that killed many natives
Texcoco name of the lake where the Aztec built their capital city
tribute payment made to a government or ruler
Yucatan name of the peninsula in Central America where the Mayans lived
Created by: cleiben