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Chapter 15 Vocab.

Last Great Nomadic Challanges: Chinggus Khan to Timur

TermDefinition
Kuriltai Meeting of all Mongol chieftains at which the supreme ruler of all tribes was selected
Khagan Title of the supreme ruler of the Mongol tribes
Tumens Basic fighting units of the Mongol forces; consisted of 10,000 cavalrymen; each unit was further divided into units of 1000,100, and 10
Karakorum Capital of the Mongol empire under Chinggis Khan, 1162 to 1227
Batu Ruler of Golden Horde; one of Chinggis Khan's grandsons; responsible for invasion of Russia beginning in 1236
Ogedei (1186- 12410) Third son of Chinggis Khan as khagan of the Mongols following after his father's death
Golden Horde One of the four subdivisions of the Mongol empire after Chinggis Khan's death, originally ruled by his grandson Batu; territory covored much of what is today south central Russia
Khanates Four regional Mongol kingdoms that arose following the death of Chinngis Khan
Battle of Kulikova Russian army victory over the forces of the Golden Horde; helped break Mongol hold over Russia
Prester John In legends popular from 12th to 17th century, a mystical Christian monarch whose kingdom was cut off from Europe by Muslim conquest; Chinggis Khan was originally believed to be this mystical rules
Baibars (1223-1277) Commander of Mamluk at Ain Jalut in 1260; originally enslaved by Mongol and sold to Egyptians
Berke (r. 1257- 1266) A ruler of the Golden Horde; converted to Islam; his threat to Hulegu combined with the growing power of Mamluks in Egypt forestalled further Mongol conquest in the Middle East
Kubilai Khan (1215- 1294) Grandson of Chinggis Khan; commander of Mongol forces responsible for conquest of China; became khagan in 1260l established Sinicized Mongol Yuan dynasty in China in 1271
Dabu Present-day Beijing; so-called when Kubulai Khan ruled China
Chabi Influential wife of Kubilai Khan; promoted interests of Buddhist in China; indicative of refusal of Mongol women to adopt restrictive social conventions of Chinese; died in 1281
Romance of the West Chamber Chinese drama written during the Yuan period; indicative of the continued literary vitality of China during Mongol rule
White Lotus Society Secret religious society dedicated to the overthrow of Yuan dynasty in China; typical of peasant resistance to Mongol rule
Zhu Yuanzhang The given name of the Hongwu emperor, the founder of the Ming dynasty
Ming dynasty Succeeded Mongol Yuan dynasty in China in 1368; lasted until 1644; initially mounted huge trade expeditions to southern Asia and elsewhere, but later concentrated efforts on internal development within China
Timur-i-Lang Also known as Tamerlane; leader of Turkic nomads; beginning in 1306s from base at Samarkand, launched series of attacks in Persia, the Fertile Crescent, India, and southern Russia; empire disintegrated after his death in 1405
Created by: taylor_sweet