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WH Rev Part 1

Review of World History from Paleolithic Era through Ancient Egypt

QuestionAnswer
When does prehistory end and history begin? When writing began
What was the earliest form of writing, characterized by its wedge shapes, in Sumer called? Cuneiform
These people excavate sites believed to have been ancient civilizations. Archaeologist
These people use artifacts and bone to study how people lived. Anthropologist
What does Paleolithic mean? Old Stone Age
Name the anthropologist who discovered “Lucy”? Donald Johansen
Name the anthropologist who discovered, in 1978, a hominid in Tanzania that dated 700,000 years older than Lucy? Mary Leakey
Australopithecus literally means what? Southern Ape
Name the location where it is believed prehistoric people from Asia migrated to North America. The Bering Strait
What does the term Neolithic mean? New Stone Age
What does Mesopotamia mean? Land between the rivers
What era preceded the Bronze Age? Stone Age
What era followed the Bronze Age? Iron Age
True or False: The Bronze Age began at the same time everywhere. False
The worship of one god while polytheistic worships many Monotheistic
Who was the “first empire builder” of ancient Mesopotamia and what was the name of his civilization? Sargon the great
Why was King Hammurabi important? He developed one of the earliest written Code of Laws
What development made the Hittites great warriors? Developed the two wheeled war chariot
Where is the Levant? The Eastern Coast of Mediterranean Sea (Israel, Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon)
This ancient civilization was referred to as the “sea peoples”, they lived in current day Lebanon, developed the first known syllabic alphabet, and had a valuable resource in Cedar wood….who were they? Phoenicia
Name the traditional founder of the Hebrews. Abraham
According to Exodus, Who led the Hebrews during the Exodus? Moses
What made the Hebrews distinct from civilizations in Mesopotamia? They were monotheistic
What Jewish celebration is connected to the Exodus from Egypt? Passover
Name the first King of Israel. Saul
Name of the King who established the first dynasty in Israel. David
What empire destroyed the Northern Kingdom of Israel in 722 B.C.? Assyria
What Assyrian King was responsible for an ancient library? Ashurbanipal
Name the Babylonian King during the Captivity of the Jews? Nebuchadnezzar
How did the Babylonian captivity actually help to preserve Jewish history? The Torah was written
What empire defeated the Babylonians during the 6th century B.C. (539 BC)? Persia
Which Persian King ruled in just manner and allowed the Jews to return from their captivity in Babylon and return to Jerusalem? Cyrus the Great
Name the archaeologist associated with Catul Hoyuk. James Malaart
Who conquered the Persian Empire in 331 BC? Alexander the Great
Name the battle where the Greeks defeated the Persians in 331 BC. Gaugamela
Who was the founder of Islam? Muhammad
Where was Muhammad born? Mecca
THE STONE TABLET THAT WAS TRANSLATED BY JEAN CHAMPOLLION WAS THE KEY TO UNDERSTANDING _________________. HIEROGLYPHICS
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING UNITED UPPER AND LOWER EGYPT CIRCA 3100 BC AND CLAIMED THE TITLE PHARAOH? Menes also known as Namer
WHICH OF THE FOLLOWING WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR DESIGNING THE STEPPED PYRAMID? Imhotep
___________ WAS RESPONSIBLE FOR THE GREAT PYRAMIDS AT GIZA. Khufu
_____________ TRANSLATES AS “GREAT HOUSE”. PHARAOH
THE MIDDLE KINGDOM WAS BROUGHT TO AN END DUE TO THE INVASION OF THE __________ CIRCA 1652 BC. HYKSOS
THE FIRST FEMALE PHARAOH AND RULER KNOWN IN RECORDED HISTORY WAS ____________. HATSHEPSUT
WHICH PHARAOH TRIED TO ABOLISH THE TRADITIONAL POLYTHEISTIC RELIGION OF EGYPT BY REQUIRING ONLY THE WORSHIP OF ATON? AKHENATON
WHICH ARCHAEOLOGIST EXCAVATED THE TOMB OF TUTANKHAMEN? HOWARD CARTER
WHICH PHARAOH CLAIMED VICTORY AT THE BATTLE OF KADESH AGAINST THE HITTITES? RAMSES II
_____________ WAS THE CAPITAL DURING AKHENATEN’S RULE AMARNA
____________ TRANSLATES TO “CITY OF THE DEAD”. Necropolis
THE EGYPTIAN PROCESS OF ___________ PRESERVED A BODY FOR BURIAL, WHICH WAS IMPORTANT TO ENSURE AN AFTERLIFE. MUMMIFICATION
Reed like plant used as paper. Papyrus
WHAT BECAME THE NEW CAPITAL OF EGYPT AFTER THE CONQUEST OF ALEXANDER THE GREAT? Alexandria
WHICH OF ALEXANDER’S GENERALS TOOK CONTROL OF EGYPT AFTER HIS DEATH? Ptolemy
AFTER CAESAR'S DEATH, WHICH ROMAN ALLIED WITH CLEOPATRA AND NAMED HER SON THE HEIR TO ROME? Marc Antony
Name the Battle that resulted in Octavian becoming the sole ruler of Rome after defeating Antony and Cleopatra. Battle of Actium
WHAT DO KARNACK, LUXOR, AND ABU SIMBEL HAVE IN COMMON? They are Temple Complexes
What river is “holy” to the Hindus? Ganges
Harappa and Mohenjo-Dara were thought to be peaceful civilizations for which reason? Lack of weapons found at sites excavated
The levels of Hindu society with the Priests at the top and the untouchables at the bottom is called… Caste System
The founder of Buddhism… Siddhartha Gautama
The first of these Buddhist teachings states that Life is Suffering. The 4 Noble Truths
According to Buddhist thought, in order to be released from the cycle of reincarnation and reach __________________, one must follow the 8 Fold Path and extinguish the fires of ignorance, passion, and aversion. Nirvana
A (Chinese) dynasty will only survive as long as the Emperor has the approval of the heavens (Tien) and If the Emperor is of bad character his dynasty will fall…this is called _________________________. The Mandate of Heaven
The ancient network of trade and cultural transmission routes that were central to cultural interaction through Asia connecting West and East by merchants, pilgrims, monks, etc.. from China and India to the Mediterranean? The Silk Road
Created by: jeffrey.rhyne