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Brain Ch. 13

Brain anatomy and physiology - Seeley Ch 13

connects spinal cord to brain; integration of reflexes necessary for survival Brainstem
involved in control of locomotion, balance, posture, learning new movements Cerebellum
involved with higher order functions Diencephalon
4 parts of the diencephalon thalamus, subthalamus, epithalamus, hypothalamus
The telencephalon of a late embryo becomes the ____________ in an adult Cerebrum
The metencephalon of a late embryo becomes the ____________ and _________ in an adult Cerebellum and Pons
The myelencephalon of alate embryo beomes the ___________ in an adult Medulla oblongata
Regulates: heart rate, blood vessel diameter, respiration, swallowing, vomiting, hiccupping, coughing, and sneezing (Survival Functions) Medulla oblongata
Structure where descending nerve tracts on the anterior surface of the medulla oblongata decussate (cross) Pyramids
Nuclei within the medulla oblongata that help regulate balance, coordination, modulation of sound from inner ear Olives
Sleep and Respiratory Center Pons
Where are Pontine Nuclei found? Pons
involved in visual reflexes superior colliculi
involved in hearing reflexes inferior colliculi
associated with ordered volitional movement Substantia Nigra
Associated with superior colliculi, inferior colliculi, substantia nigra, and red nuclei Midbrain (Mesencephalon)
Group of nuclei scattered throughout brainstemthat controls cyclic activities such as the sleep-wake cycle Recticular Formation
Coordination and motor control Cerebellum
fiber tracts in the cerebellum that communicate with other parts of brain Cerebellar peduncles
Largest cells in the CNS that recieve 200,000 synapses and are inhibitory Purkinje cells
List the major cerebellar functions: Balance, eye movements, posture, locomotion, fine motor coordination, and learning complex movements
The "relay center" involved with motor functions, mood modification, emotion regulation, emotion regulation, and sensory integration Thalamus
Where is the Pineal Gland located? Epithalamus
Helps regulate the biological clock and influences sleepiness Pineal Gland
Part of the Epithalamus that produces emotional and visceral responces to odors Habenular Nucleus
List some of the general functions associated with the Hypothalamus Autonomic, endocrine, muscle control, temperature regulation, metabolism, emotions, sleep-wake cycle, sexual development.
between the precentral gyrus (primary motor cortex) and postcentral gyrus (primary somatic sensory cortex) Central sulcus
voluntary motor function, motivation, aggression, sense of smell, mood Frontal Lobe
reception and evaluation of sensory information except smell, hearing, and vision Parietal Lobe
reception and integration of visual input Occipital Lobe
reception and evaluation for smell and hearing; memory, abstract thought, judgment. Insula is within Temporal Lobe
Nuclei associated with motor function control and Parkinson's Disease Basal Nuclei
where is CSF produced Choroid Plexus
True or False: The brain requires insulin False
Cranial nerve associated with special sense of smell Olfactory
Cranial nerve associated with special sense of vision Optic
Cranial nerve associated with the sphincter of the pupil and ciliary muscle of the lens Oculomotor
Two cranial nerves associated with external eye muscles Trochlear and Abducent
List the three branches of the Trigeminal Nerve Opthalmic, maxillary, and mandibular
Cranial nerve associated with sensory, motor, sympathetic and parasympathetic functions Trigeminal
Cranial nerve associated with special sense of taste, facial expressions, salivary glands, lacrimal glands and nasal cavity Facial
Cranial nerve associated with special senses of hearing and balance Vestibulocochlear
Cranial nerve associated with taste, pharynx, tonsils, swallowing, and salivary glands. Glossopharyngeal
The "wandering nerve" with sensory, motor, and parasympathetic functions Vagus
Cranial nerve associated with the muscles of the neck Accessory
Cranial nerve associated with tongue muscles Hypoglossal
Created by: 599966851



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