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World History I

The study of people, their environments, and the resources available to them geography
The study of the ways of life of early people through the examination of their physical remains archaelogy
Objects made by people artifacts
The earliest period of human history Old Stone Age
Person who moves from place to place in search of food nomad
A huge sheet of ice glacier
A political unit consisting of a city and its surrounding land city-state
The spread of ideas, customs, and technology from one people to another cultural diffusion
The skill and tools people use to meet their basic needs technology
The _____ began when people gave up on nomadic life and settled down to farm New Stone Age
Believing in many gods polytheistic
Archaeologists refer to the time before the invention of writing systems as prehistory
Triangular area of marshland formed by deposits of slit at the mouth of some rivers delta
The preservation of the dead mummification
People who invaded Egypt around 1700 B.C. Hyksos
Expanded Egyptian rule in the rest of Middle East Ramses II
Queen who declared herself pharaoh Hatshepsut
The Pyramid Age is another name for the Old Kingdom (Eygpt)
The need to keep records led to what in Egypt? Hieroglyphics
Leader of Carthaginian army who crossed the Alps to invade Italy Hannibal
General who brought Gaul under Roman control Julius Caesar
First ruler of the Roman Empire Augustus
Author of the epic poem "the Aeneid" Ptolemy
People of the lower class (Rome) Plebians
Site of Roman Chariot races Circus Maxiumus
People of the upper class (Rome) Patricians
name of Roman leaders emporers
center of Mediterranean world Italy
Proclaimed emperor by Pope Leo III Charlemagne
Money for investment capital
A peasant who was bound to the land serf
Wordly secular
A code of conduct adopted by knights in the Middle Ages chivalry
Penalty for refusing to obey Church laws excommunication
Tax the church required Christians payed tithe
An estate granted to a vessal fief
Written document that set out the rights and privileges of a town charter
Trainee working to join a guild apprentice
Narrow water passage strait
Government in which a king or queen exercises central power monarchy
Rule by a landholding elite aristocracy
Government by the people democracy
Art of skillful thinking rhetoric
Blind poet credited with creating "the Iliad" and "the Odyssey" Homer
Leader of Athens who introduced social, political, and economic reforms (Outlawed slavery and opened high office to more citizens) Solon
Statesman who established direct democracy in Athens Pericles
Philosopher who examined beliefs and ideas for through critical questioning Socrates
Physician whose oath set ethical standards for doctors Hippocrates
Mathematician who derived a formula to calculate the relationship between sides of a right angle Pythagorus
Historian who wrote about the Persian Wars Herodotus
Philosopher who taught that good conduct meant following a moderate course between extremes Aristotle
Created by: ammartinez2