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Ch.12

An Age of Darkness

QuestionAnswer
What did John Wycliffe give the English people? The Bible translated in English
The only educated me for centuries in Western Europe? Popes and Monks
The approach to learning that characterized the Middle Ages was called scholasticism? Tried to combine Greek philosophy and Romanism
Who wrote Canterbury Tales? Chaucer
What marked the beginning of the Holy Roman Empire? When Otto was crowned emperor
Why did the pope want to be Otto's friend? To get his power
What was Gregory VII's goal? For the pope's to be more powerful than emperors, to have absolute authority, not to be judged and have princes kiss his feet
Voltaire said the Holy Roman Empire was "neither Holy, nor Roman, nor an Empire" why did he say this? They were bitter, they were German, the emperor scarcely ruled his homeland
Niccolo Machiavelli wrote what book that had lasting importance and was produced during the Renaissance? The Prince
Rebirth, emerging from darkness Renaissance
One who displays his talents in all fields Renaissance Man
Three Florentine men that brought Renaissance art to its peak of greatness were Leonardo De Vinci, Raphael, Michelangelo
Why did the monks believe in living in solitude? They thought self denial would please God so they could earn salvation
When did the European depression reach its lowest point? 9th and 10th century
What did the Roman church put on the same level as the Bible? writings of early church leaders and pronouncements of popes and church councils
Why did people have limited access to Bibles? They were written in Latin
Who read and interpreted the Bible for the people Church Leaders
Created by: Emily Mayfield