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Chapter 7

India and China Establish Empires

TermDefinition
Mauryan Empire First empire in India, founded by Chandragupta Maurya in 321 B.C.
Asoka Brought the Mauryan Empire to it's greatest heights
Religious toleration a recognition of people's rights to hold differing religious beliefs
Gupta Empire Second empire in India, founded by Chandra Gupta 1 in A.D 320
Patriarchal relating to a social system in which the father is the head of the family
Matriarchal relating to a social system in which the mother is the head of the family
Mahayana a sect of Buddhism that offers salvation to all and allows popular worship
Theravada a sect of Buddhism focusing on the strict spiritual discipline originally advocated by the Buddha
Stupas mounded stone structures built over Buddhist holy relics
Brahma a Hindu god considered the creator of the world
Vishnu a Hindu god considered the preserver of the world
Shiva a Hindu god considered the destroyer of the world
silk roads a system of ancient caravan routes across central Asia, along which traders carried silk and other trade goods
Han dynasty a Chinese dynasty that ruled from 202 B.C. to A.D 9 and again from A.D. 23 to 220
centralized government a government in which power is concentrated in a central authority to which local governments are subject
civil services the administrative departments of a government- especially those in which employees are hired on the basis of their scores on examinations
monoply a group's exclusive control over the production and distribution of certain goods
assimilation the adoption of a conqueror's culture by conquered people
Created by: tj03tayl