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AcademicAncient Rome

Academic Ancient Rome Vocabulary Words

Twelve Tables the first law code of the Romans before Rome became an empire.
Law of Nations laws developed during the Roman Empire that were more detailed and sophisticated. They were based on universal laws using reason.
Dictator an absolute ruler
Republic a form of government in which at last some people vote for representatives who will create laws for the country.
Triumvirate a government ran by three people with equal parts.
Legion the basic military unit in the roman army including about 5,000 men.
Imperialism a policy of establishing control over foreign lands and their people.
Mercenaries foreign soldiers serving for pay to defend Rom'es borders.
Clergy church leaders, people employed and trained by the church.
Laity regular church members
New Testament the second part of the Christian Bible; it provides a record of Jesus' life and teachings.
Gospel "Good News", the message of Jesus
Apostles(12 Disciples) close followers and students of Jesus who spread his teachings.
Martyr people who suffer or die for the cause of religious faith.
Heresy doing or saying some things that go against the official Church teachings.
Saul/Paul set up new Churches around the Mediterranean and taught that non-Jews could be Christians too.
Messiah a king who was prophesized (predicted) in the Torah (Jewish holy text) that would save the Jews and lead them to freedom.
Edict of Milan a law created by the Emperor Constantine that created tolerance of (allowed for) the religious practice of Christianity.
Insulae Roan apartment blocks constructed of concrete
Pax Romana "Roman Peace" the time period from the rule of Augustus through Marcus Aurelius when Roman rule brought peace, order, unity, and wealth throughout their Empire.
Inflation a rapid increase of prices
Engineering the application of the science and mathematics to design and build structures and machines.
Satire/Satirize satire is the noun (thing) the word/jokes used to make fun of someone/thing/ satirize is the verb (action) of making fun of someone/thing.
Aqueduct bridge like stone structures that carried fresh water from the melting snow in the mountains down by the valley and into the cities.
Mosaic pictures created from chips of colored stone or tile.
Plebians in the Roman Republic, a social class made up of minor land holders, craftspeople, merchants, and small farmers.
Patrician the ruling class of Rome, owned large tracts of land.
Paterfamilias the Roman social structure, the dominant male head of the household.
Latifundia large farms (estates) owned by wealth people; sheep and cattle were raised here.
Etruscans in the area of Rome before the Latins (Romans). The Romans learned
Created by: ashbjj01