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Chapter 4

First Age of Empires

Hyksos A group of nomadic invaders from Southwest Asia who ruled Egypt from 1640 to 1570 BC
New Kingdom The period of ancient Egyptian history that followed the overthrow of Hysksos rulers, lasting from about 1570 to 1075 BC
Hatshepsut Egyptian pharaoh that encouraged trade instead of war
Thutmose III Warlike pharaoh, gained land in Nubia
Nubia Region of Africa that straddled the upper Nile river
Ramses II Pharaoh who made treaty with Hittites and gained peace
Kush An ancient Nubian kingdom whose rulers controlled Egypt between 2000 and 1000 BC
Piankhi Kushite king who overthrew the Libyan dynasty that had ruled Egypt for over 200 years.
Meroe Center of the Kush dynasty from about 250 BC to 150 AD; Known for its manufacture of iron weapons and tools
Assyria a southwest Asian kingdom that controlled a large empire from about 850 to 612 BC
Sennacherib Assyrian king bragged that he had destroyed 89 cities and 820 villages, burned Babylon, and order most of it's inhabitants killed
Niveveh Assyria's capitol city, along the Tigris river
Ashurbanipal Assyrian king, collected more than 20,000 clay tablets from throughout the Fertile Crescent
Medes and Chaldeans Southwest Asian people who helped to destroy the Assyrian empire
Nebuchadnezzar A Chaldean king who restored Babylon
Cyrus Persian king who conquered several neighboring kingdoms
Cambyses Cyrus' son, expanded the Persian empire by conquering Egypt
Darius Cambyses's successor, established a well-organized and efficient administration
satrap A governor of a province in the Persian empire
Royal road A road in the Persian empire, stretching over 1,600 miles from Susa in Persia to Sardis in Anatolia
Zoroaster Persian prophet who believed there is a battle between good and evil and everyone has a part
Confucius Chinese scholar with a deep desire to restore order and moral living of earlier times to his society
Filial piety Respect for their parents and ancestors
Bureaucracy A system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of government
Daoism A philosophy based on the ideas of Laozi, who taught the people should be guided by a universal force called the Dao (way)
Legalism A Chinese political philosophy based on the idea that a highly efficient and powerful government is the key to social order
I ching A Chinese book of oracles, consulted to answer ethical and practical problems
ying and yang In Chinese thought, the two powers that govern the natural rhythms of life
Qin dynasty A short-lived Chinese dynasty that replaced the Zhou dynasty in the third century BC
Shi Huangdi An emperor that unified china and drove out foreign invaders
Autocracy A government that has unlimited power and uses it in an arbitrary manner
Created by: tj03tayl