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|Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume;
|Statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it.
|Population distribution means the pattern of where people live. World population distribution is uneven.
|Natality - birth rate
|The ratio of the number of births to the size of the population; birth rate.
|Mortality - death rate
|The rate which people die.
|Sudden large increase in the size of a population.
|Zero Population Growth
|The maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population.
|(ZPG)/Stationary population level
|The level at which a national population ceases to grow
|The distribution of various age groups in a population
|Population pyramid/ Age-sex
|Graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population
|A group of people banded together or treated as a group.
|The gender ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
|Areas or regions designed for men or women.
|Standard of living
|The degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.
|Infant mortality rate
|Number of deaths under one year of age occurring among the live births in a given geographical area during a given year
|Diffusion of fertility control
|There are two types, contagious and hierarchical. Hierarchical is along high density areas that spread from urban to rural areas. Contagious is spread through the density of people
|Incomplete, inadequate, or faulty adaptation.
|Sustainability is the ability to continue a defined behavior indefinitely
|Demographic equation (change)
|Taking the increase or decrease in the population (births minus deaths) plus or minus the amount of migration to the demographic area.
|Dependency ratio is an age-population ratio of those typically not in the labor force
|Rate of natural increase
|The rate of natural increase (RNI) is the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population.
|The doubling time is the period of time required for a quantity to double in size or value.
|Trend of a country's trade balance following a depreciation.
|The horizontal bending, or leveling, of an exponential or J-curve
|Where people have made their permanent home, and to all work areas that are considered occupied and used for agricultural or any other economic purpose.
|When a certain area becomes to crowded with people
|When a certain area has a low amount of people
|The number or quantity of people or things that can be conveyed or held by a nation or container.
|Population projections are estimates of total size or composition of populations in the future.
|Demographic momentum The tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because once this happens a country moves to a different stage in the demographic transition model.