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APHGPopulationJoe c.

Population

TermDefinition
Population Density Population density (in agriculture: standing stock and standing crop) is a measurement of population per unit area or unit volume;
Demographic Statistical data relating to the population and particular groups within it.
Population distribution Population distribution means the pattern of where people live. World population distribution is uneven.
Natality - birth rate The ratio of the number of births to the size of the population; birth rate.
Mortality - death rate The rate which people die.
Population explosion Sudden large increase in the size of a population.
Zero Population Growth The maintenance of a population at a constant level by limiting the number of live births to only what is needed to replace the existing population.
(ZPG)/Stationary population level The level at which a national population ceases to grow
Age distribution The distribution of various age groups in a population
Population pyramid/ Age-sex Graphical illustration that shows the distribution of various age groups in a population
Pyramid
Cohort A group of people banded together or treated as a group.
Sex ratio The gender ratio is the ratio of males to females in a population.
Gendered space Areas or regions designed for men or women.
Standard of living The degree of wealth and material comfort available to a person or community.
Infant mortality rate Number of deaths under one year of age occurring among the live births in a given geographical area during a given year
Diffusion of fertility control
Disease diffusion There are two types, contagious and hierarchical. Hierarchical is along high density areas that spread from urban to rural areas. Contagious is spread through the density of people
Maladaptation Incomplete, inadequate, or faulty adaptation.
Sustainability Sustainability is the ability to continue a defined behavior indefinitely
Demographic equation (change) Taking the increase or decrease in the population (births minus deaths) plus or minus the amount of migration to the demographic area.
Dependency ratio Dependency ratio is an age-population ratio of those typically not in the labor force
Rate of natural increase The rate of natural increase (RNI) is the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate of a population.
Doubling time The doubling time is the period of time required for a quantity to double in size or value.
J-curve Trend of a country's trade balance following a depreciation.
S-curve The horizontal bending, or leveling, of an exponential or J-curve
Ecumene Where people have made their permanent home, and to all work areas that are considered occupied and used for agricultural or any other economic purpose.
Overpopulation When a certain area becomes to crowded with people
Underpopulation When a certain area has a low amount of people
Carrying capacity The number or quantity of people or things that can be conveyed or held by a nation or container.
Population projection Population projections are estimates of total size or composition of populations in the future.
Demographic momentum Demographic momentum The tendency for growing population to continue growing after a fertility decline because once this happens a country moves to a different stage in the demographic transition model.
Created by: jc2882
 

 



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