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Russian Revolution

Russian Revolution Vocabulary

Bloody Sunday massacre when the czar’s palace guards opened fire on several hundred unarmed workers.
Glasnost a policy marked by Gorbachev, known as openness, which consisted of democratic change in Russia.
Cheka Lenin’s secret police.
Duma the name of Russia’s first parliament established in 1905.
Great Purge a campaign of terror launched by Stalin in 1934.
Mensheviks the majority faction of Petrograd Soviets.
Bolsheviks a Marxist group who supported a small number of revolutionaries willing to sacrifice everything for radical change.
CIS The Commonwealth of Independent States or a loose federation of the former Soviet territory.
Peter the Great (1696) First absolute ruler of modern Russia who westernized Russia.
Soviets local councils consisting of workers, peasants, and soldiers.
Communism Political ideology based on the ideas of Marx and Lenin.
Politburo was the ruling committee of the Communist party.
Boris Yeltsin became Russian Republic’s first directly elected president.
The Red Guard the Military Revolutionary committee (Bolshevik Militia) run by Leon Trotsky.
Alexander Kerensky Russian lawyer, minister of justice, minister of defense, and eventually prime minister who kept Russia in the war.
Collective Farms large government owned farms where they forced people to live.
Provisional Government a temporary government in response to the disintegration of the czar’s government.
Ivan the Terrible ruled Russia in 1533 and was the first ruler to receive the title czar.
Czar/Tsar Russian word meaning “Caesar”
Joseph Stalin was the 2nd leader of Russia and the Communist party by 1929.
Treaty of Brest-Litovsk signed March 3, 1918 by the Bolsheviks and Germans by which Russia lost 1/3 of its population and ¼ of its territory.
Mikal Gorbechev was a liberal Russian who was the youngest leader ever at age 54.
Whites army composed of Lenin’s opposition.
Reds Bolshevik army.
Totalitarianism a government that took absolute control of the public’s private lives.
Kulaks is a class of wealthy peasants.
Ethnic Cleansing is the act of trying to rid a certain race out of a country.
Westernization is the use of Western Europe as a model for change.
Rasputin a man claiming to have healing powers and manipulated the Czarina Alexandra.
Trotsky military leader of the Red Army.
Stolypin Russian Prime Minister who made positive lasting reforms.
1905 Revolution destructive series of riots and revolts throughout Russia following Bloody Sunday.
Boyars nobles who own land in Russia.
Nicholas II the last czar of Russia.
Pogroms organized violence against the Jews supported by the Russian government.
Vladimir Lenin the leader of the Bolsheviks and the first communist leader of the USSR.
Catherine the Great German became empress when her husband (a Romanov) was dethroned and assassinated.
Created by: ajir4