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German and Italian Unification

Capitalism an economic system characterized by private or corporate ownership of capital goods, by investments that are determined by private decision
Protectorate a country, or part of a country, or maybe a tribe of people in one area, that is ruled by another, larger and stronger country based on an agreement between the protectorate and the strong country.
Socialism any of various economic and political theories advocating collective or governmental ownership and administration of the means of production and distribution of goods
Sphere of Influence a territorial area within which the political influence or the interests of one nation are held to be more or less paramount
Realpolitick politics based on practical and material factors rather than on theoretical or ethical objectives
Militarism Glorification of the ideals of a professional military class and where the preparedness is of primary importance to a state.
Assimilation People of different backgrounds and beliefs, when living together, they come to see themselves as part of a larger community, or when a small group is absorbed into, and made part of, a bigger group
Nationalism loyalty and devotion to a nation; especially : a sense of national consciousness exalting one nation above all others and placing primary emphasis on promotion of its culture and interests as opposed to those of other nations or supranational groups
Alliance a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries
Imperialism the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies
White Man's Burden The supposed or presumed responsibility of white people to govern and impart their culture to nonwhite people, often advanced as a justification for European colonialism
Platte Amendment permitted the U.S. to maintain its naval base at Guantánamo Bay and to intervene in Cuban affairs “for the preservation of Cuban independence
Factors of Production Land, Labor, Capital, and Enterprise
Social Darwinism a sociological theory that sociocultural advance is the product of intergroup conflict and competition and the socially elite classes possess biological superiority in the struggle for existence
Otto Von Bismark The Chancellor of Prussia, Made the blood & iron policy. Wanted to unite German states. was a believer of realpolitik and strengthened the Prussian army
Franco Prussian War War on Prussia declared by Napolean II because Bismarck intercepted and re wrote a telegraph to Napolean from the Prussian monarch. Bismarck had also been sullying the French name to make the german states more nationalistic. Prussia won via surrender
Garibaldi leader of the "Red Shirts", nationalists.Used force. Cavour helped by giving them weapons. Conquered Sicily and started to work its way up. Gave all land to Cavour to give to his monarch to unite italy
Camilo Cavour Prime Minister, Nationalist , but he wanted nationalism because he believed it would help his Monarch, Victor Emmanuel. Realpolitik
Victor Emmanuel ITalian Monarch, constitutional monarchy, unites italy under his rule
Berlin Conference A conference in Berlin where Western States negotiated African territory and thought of rules on claiming land (official document, local leaders must be present, must set up a local office and gov there, etc) to avoid bloodshed
"Scramble for Africa" Western countries imperialistic struggle and hustle for african states
Opium it "crack"ed the Chinese trading system. It was a very addictive drug that was illegal in China but the BEICo secretly sold it there in order to weaken China.
Opium War Chinese destroyed the opium in hope of stopping the drug from coming through but the British claimed they were destroying their property and war was declared. China was badly beaten due to Britain's technological advantage (steam boats)
Treaty of Nanjing A treaty to end the opium war that granted extraterritoriality (british in china follow british rules, tried in british court), Hong Kong, and the ability to trade in and out of china whenever they wanted
Boxer Rebellion 1898- Many chinese very angry at foreigners and mad at own country's weakness. Attacked/killed foreigners and was supported by their gov. until the Americans came and quickly shut it down
Commodore Perry leader of a fleet of US navy ships. demanded Japan to open ports for trade and diplomacy. "blackmailed" them by firing their cannons in the harbor to show them their modern tech. Japan did not have power to defend themselves.
Created by: jeffrey.rhyne