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Religions Unit

QuestionAnswer
The social group in Indian society comprised of commoners who are merchants and farmers is called the Vaisyas
The lowest varna in Indian society comprised of peasants or servants is the Sudras
The social group in Indian society comprised of priests Brahmans
The social group in Indian society comprised of warriors Kshatriyas
A person’s casts in society was determined by birth
Hindus believe that a person's actions in this life determine how the person will be reborn in the next life.
Brahma the Creator, Vishnu the Preserver, and Shiva the Destroyer were the chief Hindu gods.
Hindus strive to leave behind the cycle of earthly life and achieve unity with a form of ultimate reality called Brahman.
Siddhārtha Gautama came to be known as the “enlightened one.”
One of the Four Noble Truths is that ordinary life is full of suffering.
According to Siddhārtha Gautama, a person can reach enlightenment through meditation.
Both Hindus and Buddhists believe in reincarnation.
Buddhists differ from Hindus in that Buddhists believe that all human beings can reach nirvana as a result of their behavior in this life.
The Islamic religion was created as a direct result of the revelations received by Muhammad.
According to Islamic teaching, Muhammad received messages from Gabriel.
After Muhammad’s death, Muslims scholars drew up the shari’ah, which is a code that provides believers with practical laws to regulate their daily lives.
One of Five Pillars of Islam, the hajj, is a pilgrimage to Makkah.
Muslims are encouraged to travel to _____________ at least once in their lives. Makkah
Muslims believe that the final revelations of Allah were given to Muhammad.
The Five Pillars of Islam include belief, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage.
What was the primary, religious reason that Christians refused to worship state gods and emperors? Christians believed that there was only one God.
Written accounts became the basis for the Gospels which make up the New Testament
What Roman leader made Christianity the official religion of Rome? Theodosius
Christianity was attractive to all classes, but especially to the poor
Founder is Muhammad Islam
Founder is Jesus Christianity
Founder is Siddhartha Gautama Buddhism
Has no single founder Hinduism
The Bible is the main religious text Christiainty
The Quran is the main religious text Islam
The Torah is the main religious tex Judaism
The religion(s) we studied in class that are monotheistic. Judaism, Christianity, Islam
The religion(s) we studied in class that are polytheistic. Hindusim
The religion that began in the 7th century Islam
The religion that believes in the trinity Christianity
The world’s most popular religion Christianity
The religion(s) that originated in Palestine. Christianity, Judaism
The religion(s) that originated in India. Buddhism, Hindusim
Created by: m0llymarie