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Chapter 6

Scientific Revolution and Enlightenment

TermDefinition
Geocentric Theory Earth-centered view of the universe.
Scientific Revolution A new way of thinking about the natural world.
Heliocentric Theory The idea that the earth and the other planets revolve around the sun.
Galileo Galilei He built his own telescope.
Scientific Method A logical procedure for gathering information about the natural world, in which experimentation and observation are used to test hypotheses.
Isaac Newton He discovered gravity and other laws of physics.
Enlightenment European movement in which thinkers attempted to apply the principles of reason and the scientific method to all aspects of society.
Social Contract Agreement by which people created a government.
John Locke Held a different, more positive, view of human nature.
Philosophe The social critics of this period in France
Voltaire He published more than 70 books of political essays, philosopy, and drama.
Montesquieu French writer who devoted himself to the study of political liberty.
Rousseau Permission to rule.
Mary Wollstonecraft Women's rights.
Salon Spread the ideas.
Baroque Too much
Neoclassical New classical of Greek/Roman style
Enlightened Despot Monarchs, encouraged to rule fairly. No democracy
Catherine the Great Reform the legal system.
Declaration of Independence Life, Liberty, and Pursuit of happiness.
Thomas Jefferson Life, Liberty, and Property.
Checks and Balances Influence by which an organization is regulated.
Federal System Federal government shares power with the states.
Bill of Rights Protect individual freedoms, based on Enlightenment ideas.
Created by: Joshcustodio