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Chapter 6

Scientific Revolution and Enlightment

TermDefinition
geocentric theory Earth is the center of the universe
Scientific Revolution new way of thinking about the natural world based upon observation and acceptance to question beliefs
heliocentric theory sun is the center of the universe
Galileo Galile built his own telescope to study heavens in 1609
scientific method logical methods for testing concepts
Isaac Newton he discovered the law of universal gravitation or physics
Enlightment also known as "Age of Reason"
social contract contract by which people approved to accord some of their human rights to the government and obtain protection
John Locke believed that people are born with natural rights, self-sufficient and and capable to make decisions for themselves
philosophes they believed that people could apply reason to all aspects of life such as reason, nature, happiness, progress, liberty
Voltaire he fought for tolerance, reason, freedom of religious belief, and freedom in speech and was exiled to England
Montesquieu shared hi idea about separation of power which that one person or leader cannot have too much power, must be equal and balanced for everybody
Rousseau he believed that only government should be made by free people that are willing to give some of rights for a particular purpose and for the sake of everybody
Wollstonecraft she fought for women's rights such as having education like men ,and having the right enter the world of politics and medicine.
salons wealthy women who discuss about Enlightenment ideas with the philosophes at their lavish homes
baroque European style that illustrates precise details through paintings and sculptures used for palaces
neoclassical more simple and fashionable created from the ideas of classical Greece and Rome
enlightened despots desire to have a strong superior and country
Catherine the Great ruled and attempted to improve Russia, studied philosophe's ideas and expanded the Russian empire
Declaration of Independece a document written by Thomas Jefferson regardless of life, liberty and pursuit of happiness
checks and balances each branch monitors what's happening on the other brances
federal sysytem power is divided between state governments and national governement
Bill of Rights ten amendments that protected the fundamental rights of human rights such as freedom of speech, press, assembly, and religion
Thomas Jefferson a political writer of the document called "Declaration of Independence"
Created by: stylisha