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Chapter 6

Scientific Revolution and Enlightment

TermsDefinition
Geocentric Theory The idea that earth is at the center of the universe based on the bible
Scientific Revolution A really big change of ideas of European
Heliocentric Theory The idea that the sun is center of universe
Galileo Galilei A scientist who made his own telescope that could use to enlarge really far objects and to study the heavens.
Scientific Method it is an organized way to gather information and testing different ideas.
Isaac Newton A Scientist who studies different kind of laws of physics and gravity.
Enlightenment Spread of ideas and logic during the age of reason.
Social Contract An agreement where people want to act on their own self-interest and have their own rights as individual.
John Locke A Philosopher who believes that people are born with natural rights.
Philosophe People who has intellectual ability to apply reason to the study of philosophy, history, science, politics, economics, and social issues.
Voltaire A Philosopher who fights for tolerance, reason and freedom of speech and religion in a satire way.
Montesquieu A Philosopher who separates the power of individual to have fair rights.
Rousseau A Philosopher who wants free individual which is people has the permission to rule or vote for election on government.
Mary Wollstonecraft A philosopher who argues about women needs education as well just like men's.
Salon Rich and smart women who discusses ideas with the Philosophers.
Baroque A style of art where it became too elegant and grand.
Neoclassical A new artistic way where artists and architects worked in a simple and elegant way that came from Greece and Rome.
Enlightened Despot Monarchs wants to rule fairly and make their country stronger but no democracy.
Catherine the Great A ruler of Russia who changed the legal system into fair authorities.
Federal System A way where a federal government shared power to other states to help them with their different needs.
Declaration of Independence Reflected the idea of natural rights that all people are equal which results life, liberty and pursuit of happiness.
Thomas Jefferson Has his own way of "life, liberty and property" which is based on the ideas of John Locke.
Checks and Balances An influence where the three branches can limit the powers of others to make it fair for other people.
Bill of Rights This is the rights where people needs to have rights of freedom of speech and religion for protection based on enlightenment ideas.
Created by: aey18