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Chapter 14 Vocab.

Japan Korea and Vietnam

TermDefinition
The tale of Genji Written by Lady Murasaki; first novel in any language; relates life history of prominent and amorous son of the Japanese emperor; evidence for mannered style of Japanese society
Fujiwara Japanese aristocratic family in mid-9th century; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs;aided in decline of imperial power
bushi Regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortresses; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenues; built up private armies.
Samurai Mounted troops of Japanese warrior leaders (bushi); loyal to local lords, not the emperor
Seppuku Ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; commonly known in West as hara-kiri; demonstrated courage and a means to resotre family honor.
Taira Powerful Japanese family in 11th and 12th centuries; competed with Minamoto family; defeated after Gempei Wars.
Minamoto Defeated the rival Taria family in Gempei Wars and established military government (bakufu) in 12th century Japan
Gempei Wars Waged for five years from 1180, on Honshu between Taira and Minamoto families; resulted in destruction of Taira.
Bakufu Military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars
Shoguns Military leaders of the bakufu (military government in Japan.)
Hojo Warrior family closely allied with Minamoto; dominated Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers who claimed to rule in name of Japanese emperor at Kyoto
Ashikaga Takuaji Member of the Minamoto family; overthrew the kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga Shogunate from 1336-1573; drove emperor from Kyoto to Yoshino
Ashikaga Shogunate Replaced the Kamakura regime in Japan; reuled from 1336-1573; destryed rival Yoshino center of imperial authority.
Daimyos Warlord rulers of 300 small states following civil war and disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded mini-states.
Choson Earliest Korean kingdom; conquered by Han armies in 109 b.c.e
Koguryo Tribal people of northern Korea; established an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula in 37 b.c.e; began a process of sinification ,
Silla Independent Korean Kingdom in southeaster part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tang allies; ruled united Korea by 668
Paekche Independent Korean Kingdom in southwest part of peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese Tang allies in 7th century.
Sinification Extensive adoption of Chinese culture in other regions; typical of Korean, Japan, and Vietnam
Yi Korean dynasty that succeeded koryo following period of Mongol invasions; established in 1392; ruled Korea to 1910; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence
Khmers Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; moved into Mekong River delta region at time of Vietnamese drive to the south
Trung sisters Leader of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule; revolt broke out in 39 c.e; demonstrates importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous society.
Chams Indianzed rival of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south.
Created by: gabriellep617