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LD AP World II Ch 20

LD AP World II Chapter 20 - Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Manchu Federation of Northeast Asian peoples who founded the Qing Empire
Daimyo Literally, great name(s). Japanese warlords and great landowners, whose armed samurai gave them control of the Japanese islands from the eighth to later nineteenth century. Under the Tokugawa Shogunate they were subordinated to the imperial government
Samurai Literally "those who serve", the hereditary military elite of the Tokugawa Shogunate.
Tokugawa Shogunate The last of the three shogunates of Japan
Ming Empire Empire based in China that Zhu Yuanzhang established after overthrowing Yuan Empire. Emperor Yongle sponsored the building of Forbidden City & voyages of Zheng He. Later years of the Ming saw a slowdown in technological development & economical decline.
Qing Empire Empire established in China by Manchus who overthrew the Ming Empire in 1644. At various times the Qing also controlled Manchuria, Mongolia, Turkestan and Tibet. The last Qing emperor was overthrown in 1911.
Kangxi Qing Emperor (r. 1622-1722). He oversaw the greatest expansion of the Qing Empire
Amur River River Valley was a contested frontier between northern China and eastern Russia until the settlement arranged in the Treaty of Nerchinsk (1689).
Macartney mission The unsuccessful attempt by the British Empire to establish diplomatic relations with the Qing Empire.
Muscovy Russian principality that emerged gradually during the era of Mongol domination. The Muscovite dynasty ruled without interruption from 1276 to 1598.
Ural Mountains This north-south range separates Siberia from the rest of Russia. It is commonly considered between the continents of Europe and Asia.
Tsar (czar) From Latin caesar, this Russian title for a monarch was first used in the sixteenth century
Siberia The extreme northeastern sector of Asia, including the Kamchatka Peninsula and the present Russian coast of the Arctic Ocean, the Bering Strait, and the Sea of Okhotsk.
Cossacks Peoples of the Russian Empire who lived outside the farming villages, often as herders, mercenaries or outlaws. They led the conquest of Siberia in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries.
Serf In medieval Europe, an agricultural laborer legally bound to a lord's property and obligated to perform set services for the lord. In Russia some worked as artisans and in factories; serfdom was not abolished there until 1861.
Peter the Great Russian tsar (r. 1689-1725). He enthusiastically introduced Western languages and technologies to the Russian elite, moving the capital from Moscow to the new city of St. Petersburg.
Created by: desilva13