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Ch.13

Tang and Song China

TermDefinition
Yangdi Second member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne
Li Yuan Also Known as Duke of Tang
Chang'an Capital of Tang dynasty
Ministry of Rites test given to students from Chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars
Jinshi title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature
Pure Land Buddhism Emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of Chinese society
Chan Buddhism Known as Zen in Japan; stressed meditation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty
Zen Buddhism Known as Chan Buddhism in China; stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty
Empress Wu Tang ruler 690-705 C.E. in China, supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion
Wuzong Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monasteries in 840
Xuanzong Leading Chinese emperor if the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 to 755, encouraged over expansion
Yang Guifei Royal concubine
Zhoa Kuangyin Founder of Song dynasty
Laio dynasty Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria
Khitans Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; militarily superior to Song dynasty China
Junks Chinese ships, dominated force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula
Flying money Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage
Footbinding Practice in Chinese society of mutilating women's feet in order to make them smaller
Li Bo Most famous poet of the tang era; blended images of mundane world with philosophical musing
Created by: A_Cortez1