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Chapter 13

Reunification/Renaissance in Chinese Civ. : The Era of the Tang & Song Dynasties

TermDefinition
Yangdi Second member of Sui dynasty;murdered his father to gain throne: restored Confucian examination.
Li Yuan Also known as Duke of Tang
Chang'an Capital of Tang Dynasty
Ministry of Rites Test given to students from Chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars
jinshi title for students who pass the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature.
pure land Buddhism Emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism.
Chan Buddhism Known as Zen in Japan
Zen Buddhism Known as Chan in China
Empress Wu Tang ruler 690-705 c.e. in China; supported Buddhist establishment.
Wuzong Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by developing monasteries in 840s.
Xuanzong Leading Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 to 755.
Yang Guifei Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong.
Zhao Kuangyin Founder of Song dynasty a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent.
Liao Founded in 907 by nomadic Kithan peoples from Manchuria; maintained Independence from Song dynasty China.
Kithans Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; military superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture.
junks Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders.
flying money Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage.
foot binding Practice in Chinese society of mutilating women's feet in order to make them smaller.
Li Bo Most famous poet of the Tang era.
Created by: blueskeleton