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Chapter 13 Vocab

TermDefinition
Yangdi Second member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examination system; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system; assassinated in 618.
Li Yuan (566 - 635) Also known as Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi took over empire following assassination of Yangdi; first emperor of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of Gaozu.
Chang'an Capital of Tang dynasty; populated of 2 million; larger than any other city in t he world at that time.
Ministry of Rites Administered examinations to students from Chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars.
Jinshi Title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature; became immediate dignitaries and eligible for high office.
Pure Land Buddhism Emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of Chinese society.
Zen Buddhism Known as Chan Buddhism in China; stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty.
Empress Wu Tang ruler 690 - 705 CE in China; supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created.
Wuzong Chinese emperor of tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monasteries in 840s; reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism in favor of Confucian ideology.
Xuanzong Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 to 755, although he encouraged overexpansion.
Yang Guifei (719 - 756) Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong; introduction of her relatives into royal administration led to revolt.
Zhao Kuangyin (r. 960 - 976) Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent.
Liao Dynasty Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
Khitans Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; military superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture forced humiliating treaties on Song China in 11th century.
Junks Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads; sternpost, rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan Peninsula.
Flying Money Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage; reduced danger of robbery; early form of currency.
Footbinding Practice of Chinese society of mutilating women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household.
Li Bo (701 - 762) Most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical muslings. The name is alternately spelled Li Po and Li Bai.