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Chapter 14 Vocab

Spread of Chinese Civilization: Japan, Korea, and Vietnam

TermDefinition
Taika Reforms Attempt to remake Japanese monarch into an absolute Chinese-style emperor; included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
Tale of Genji, The Written by Lady Murasaki; first novel in any language; relates life history of prominent and amorous son of Japanese emperor.
Fujiwara Japanese aristocratic family in mid-9th century; exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs; aided in decline of imperial power.
Bushi Regional warrior leaders in Japan; ruled small kingdoms from fortress; administered the law, supervised public works projects, and collected revenues; built up private armies.
Samurai Mounted troops of Japanese warrior leaders (bushi); loyal to local lords, not the emperor.
Seppuku Ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan; demonstrated courage and a means to restore family honor.
Taira Powerful Japanese family in 11th and 12th centuries; defeated after Gempei Wars.
Minamoto Defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei Wars and established military government in 12th century Japan.
Gempei Wars Waged for five years from 1180, on Honshu between Taira and Minamoto families; resulted in destruction of Taira.
Bakufu Military government established by the Minamoto following the Gempei Wars; centered at Kamakura; retained emperor, but real power resided in military government and samurai.
Shonguns Military leaders of the bekufu.
Hojo Warrior family closely allied with Minamoto; dominated Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers who claimed to rule in name of Japanese emperor at Kyoto.
Ashikaga Takuaji Member of the Minamoto family; overthrew the Kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga Shogunate from 1336-1573; drove emperor from Kyoto to Yoshino.
Ashikaga Shogunate Replaced the Kamakura regime in Japan; destroyed rival Yoshino center of imperial authority.
Daimyos Warlord rulers of 300 small states following civil war and disruption of Ashikaga Shogunate; holdings consolidated into unified and bounded mini-states.
Choson Earliest Korean kingdom; conquered by Han armies in 109 B.C.E.
Koguryo Tribal people of northern Korea; established an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula in 37 B.C.E.; began a process of Signification.
Silla Independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula; defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese Tang allies; submitted as a vassal of the Tang emperor and agreed to tribute payment.
Paekche Independent Korea kingdom in southwestern part of peninsula; defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese Tang allies in 7th.
Sinification Extensive adoption of Chinese culture in other regions; typical of Korea, Japan, and Vietnam.
Yi Korean dynasty that succeeded Koryo dynasty following period of Mongol invasions; established in 1392; rules Korea to 1910; restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence.
Khmers Indianized rivals of Vietnamese; moved into Mekong River delta region at time of Vietnamese drive to the south.
Trung Sisters Leaders of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule; revolt broke out in 39 C.E.; demonstrates importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous society.
Chams Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese; driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south.
Created by: margarita_tirado