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Chapter 13 Vocab.

China

TermDefinition
Yangdi 2nd member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examination of Chinese canal system; assassinated in 618
Li Yuan Also knonw as Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assasination of yangdi; 1st emperpr of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of Gaozu
Changan capital of Tang dynasty; population of 2 million, larger than any other city in the world at that time
Ministry of Rites Administered examinations to students from chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars.
Jinshi title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature; became immediate dignitaries & eligable for high office
Pure land Buddhism emphasized salvatinist aspects of chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of chinese society
Chan Buddhism Buddhism in China; stressed meditation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty popular with members of elite chinese society
Zen Buddhism Buddhism in Japan; stressed meditation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty popular with members of elite chinese society
Empress Wu Tang ruler in china;supported Buddhist estalishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha create.
Wuzong Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monasteries in 840s; reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism in favor of Confucian ideology
Xuanzong Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713-755, although he encouraged overexpansion
Yang Gufei Royal Concubine during reign of Xuanzon; introduction of her relatives into royal administration let to revolt
Zhao Kuangyin Founder of Son dynasty; orginally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent
Liao Dynasty founded in 907 by nomadic khitan peoples from Manchria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China
Khitans Nomadic people of Manchuria; militarily superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture; forced humilating treaties on Son China in the 11th century
Junks Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders; dominant force in Asian Sea;s east of the Malayan peninsula
Flying Money Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage; reduced danger of robbery; early form of currency
footbinding Practice in Chinese society of mutilating women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted womem's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household.
Li Bo most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musings. The name is alternately spelled Li Po and Li Bai
Created by: violetirene42