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Ch.13

Tang and Song China

TermDefinition
Yangdi 2nd member of Sui dynasty, murdered his father to gain throne; constructed of Chinese canal system, assassinated in 618.
Li Yuan (566-635) (Duke of Tang) minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assassination of Yangdi; 1st emperor of Tang Dynasty; took title of Gaozu
Chang'an Capital of Tang dynasty; 2 mill. pop., (larger than any city in the world at that time)
Ministry of Rites administered examinations to students from Chinese gov. schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars.
Jinshi title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature; became immediate dignitaries and eligible for high office.
Pure Island Buddhism popular among masses of Chinese society
Chan Buddhism (Zen -in Japan) stressed meditation of natural and artistic beauty; popular with members of elite Chinese society.
Zen Buddhism (Chan Buddhism in China) stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty.
Empress Wu Tang ruler (690-705 c.e.) in China, supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created
Wuzong Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monasteries in 840s; reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism in favor of Confucian ideology
Xuanzong leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 to 755, he encouraged overexpansion
Yang Guifei (719-756) Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong; introduction of her relatives into royal administration led to revolt.
Zhao Kuangyin (960-976) founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Laio dynasty that remained independent.
Liao dynasty founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
Khitans nomadic peoples of Manchuira; militarily superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture; forced humiliating treaties on Song China in 11th century
junks Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders
flying money Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage
footbinding practice of women's
Created by: Redhead207