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Chapter 13 Vocab.


Yangdi Second member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain throne; restored Confucian examination system; responsible for construction of Chinese canal system; assassination in 618.
Li Yuan Duke of Tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire after assassination of Yangdi; first emperor of Tang dynasty; took imperial title of Gaozu
Chang'an capital of Tang dynasty; population of 2,000,000 larger than any contemporary world city
Ministry of Rites Administered examinations to students from Chinese government schools or those recommended by distinguished scholars.
jinshi title granted to students who passed the most difficult examinations on all of Chinese literature; became immediate dignitaries and eligible for high office
pure land Buddhism emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among the masses of Chinese society
Chan Buddhism known as Zen in Japan; stressed meditation and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty; popular with members of elite Chinese society
Zen Buddhism known as Chan Buddhism in China; stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty
Empress Wu Tang ruler 690-705 c.e. in China; supported Buddhist enslavement; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion; had multistory statues of Buddha created
Wuzong Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who openly persecuted Buddhism by destroying monasteries in 840s; reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism in favor of Confucian ideology.
Xuanzong Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty who reigned from 713 50 755, although he encouraged over-expansion.
Yang Guifei Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong; introduction of her relatives into royal administration led to revolt.
Zhao Kaugyin Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent.
Liao dynasty founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan people from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
Khitans nomadic peoples of Manchuria; militar
Created by: DonovanGreen