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Chapter 13&14 Vocab

Vocabulary

matching
Yangdi second member of sui dynasty murdered his father to gain throne restored Confucian examination system responsible for construction of Chinese canal system.
Li Yuan also known as duke of tang; minister for Yangdi; took over empire following assassination of Yangdi first emperor of Tang dynasty.
Chanh'an capital to tang dynasty large than any city in the world(2 million in population)
Ministry of Rites administered examinations to students from Chinese government school's or those recommended by the distinguished scholars.
jinshi title granted to students who passed the most difficult Chinese examination on all of Chinese literature.
pure land Buddhism emphasized salvationist aspects of Chinese Buddhism popular among masses of Chinese society.
Chan Buddhism known as Zen in japan stressed Mediterranean and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty popular with members of elite Chinese society.
Zen Buddhism known as Chan in japan stressed Mediterranean and appreciation of natural and artistic beauty popular with members of elite Chinese society.
Empress Wu (690-750) The only woman to rule China in her own name, expanded the empire and supported Buddhism during the Tang Dynasty. *Elevated Buddhism to status of state religion.
xuanzong Emperor from 712-756 ,This emperor marked the peak of Tang power, Took strong interest to political and economic reforms and turned to pleasures and arts. Fell in love with Yang Guifei after death of second wife and started ignoring the Tang to keep her h
yang Guifei Royal concubine of Tang emperor Xuanzong; introduction of relatives into administration led to revolt.
Zhao Kiangyin Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu; failed to overcome northern Liao dynasty that remained independent.
Liao Dynasty Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
khitans peoples of Manchuria militarily superior to song dynasty
Zhu Xi Most prominent of neo-Confucian scholars during the Song dynasty in China; stressed importance of applying philosophical principles to everyday life and action
Neo Confucians Revived ancient Confucian teachings in Song era of China; great impact on the dynasties that followed; their emphasis on tradition and hostility to foreign systems made Chinese rulers and bureaucrats less receptive to outside ideas and influences.
tagut Rulers of Xi Xia kingdom of northwest China. One of regional kingdoms during period of Southern Song Was conquered by the Mongols in 1226
Xi Xia Kingdom of the Tangut people, north of Song Kingdom, in the mid-11th century; collected tribute that drained Song resources and burdened chinese peasantry.
Wang anshi Confucian scholar and chief minister of a Song emperor in 1070s; introduced sweeping reforms based on Legalists; advocated greater state intervention in society.
jurchens Overthrew Liao dynasty of the Khitans and established the Jin kingdom in 1115. They were a new nomadic contender from the north.
Jin Kingdom Kingdom north of the Song Empire. Established by Jurchens, or nomadic contenders from the north, in 1115 after overthrowing Liao dynasty of the Khitans.
Southern Song Smaller surviving dynasty (1127-1279); presided over one of the greatest cultural reigns in world history.
Grand Canal built in 7th century during region of Yangdi during sui dynasty designed to link original centers of Chinese civilization on the north china plain with Yangtze river basin to south nearly 1200 miles long
junks Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, stern-post rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula.
flying money Chinese credit instrument that provided vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of a venture; reduced danger of robbery; an early form of currency.
foot binding Practice in Chinese society to mutilate women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household. -Men preferred women with smaller feet.
Li Bo most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musings.
Taika reforms attempt to remake Japanese monarchy into an absolute Chinese style emperor included attempts to create professional bureaucracy and peasant conscript army.
the tale of Genji written by lady Murasaki first novel in any language relates to life history of prominent and amorous son of the Japanese emperor evidence for mannered style of Japanese society
Fujiwara Japanese aristocratic family in the mid ninth century exercised exceptional influence over imperial affairs aided in decline of imperial power.
bushi regional warrior leaders in Japan ruled small kingdoms from fortresses administered the law supervised public works projects and collected revenues built up private army
samurai mounted troops of Japanese warrior leaders loyal to local lords not the emperor.
seppuku ritual suicide or disembowelment in Japan commonly known in west as harakiri demonstrated courage
taira powerful Japanese family in 11th and 12 centuries competed with Minamoto family defeated after Gempei wars.
Minamoto defeated the rival Taira family in Gempei wars and established military government in Japan
Gempei Wars waged for five years on Honshu between taira and Minamoto families resulted in destruction of Taira.
bakufu military government established by Minamoto following the Gempei wars centered at kamakura retained emperor but real power resided in military government and samurai
shoguns military leaders of the bakufu military governments in Japan
Hojo warrior family closely allied with Minamoto dominated Kamakura regime and manipulated Minamoto rulers who claimed to rule in name of Japanese emperor at Kyoto.
Ashikaga takuaji member of the Minamoto family overthrew the Kamakura regime and established the Ashikaga shogunate drove emperor from Kyoto to Yoshino.
Ashikaga shogunate replaced the Kamakura regime in Japan destroyed rival Yoshino center of imperial authority
daimyos warlord rulers of 300 small states following civil war and disruption of Ashikaga shogunate holdings consolidated into unified and bounded mini states
choson earliest Korean kingdom conquered by Han armies.
koguryo tribal people of northern Korea established an independent kingdom in the northern half of the peninsula began a process of Sinification
silla independent Korean kingdom in southeastern part of peninsula defeated Koguryo along with their Chinese tang allies submitted as a vassal of the tang emperor
paekche independent Korean kingdom in southwestern part of peninsula defeated by rival Silla kingdom and its Chinese tang allies
sinification extensive adoption of Chinese culture in other regions typical of Korea Japan and Vietnam
Yi Korean dynasty that succeeded Koryo dynasty following period of mongol invasions restored aristocratic dominance and Chinese influence
Khmers indianized rivals of the Vietnamese moved into Mekong River delta region at time of Vietnamese drive to the south.
Trung sisters leaders of one of the frequent peasant rebellions in Vietnam peasant rebellions in Vietnam against Chinese rule revolt broke out demonstrates importance of Vietnamese women in indigenous society
Chams Indianized rivals of the Vietnamese driven into the highlands by the successful Vietnamese drive to the south
Nguyen Rival Vietnamese dynasty that arose in southern Vietnam to challenge traditional dynasty of trinh in north at Hanoi kingdom centered on red and Mekong rivers capital at Hue
trinh dynasty that ruled in north Vietnam at Hanoi rivals of Nguyen family in south
Created by: Gabgar1200