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Chapter 13 Vocab

Reunification in Chinese Civilization: Tang and Song Dynasties

Yangdi 2nd member of Sui dynasty; murdered his father to gain the throne; drove back the nomadic intruders who threatened the northern frontiers of the empire; devoted resources to upgrading Confucian education. (assassinated in 618)
Li Yuan Duke of Tang; loyal supporter of the Sui ruler; took over empire after Yangdi's assassination; 1st emperor of Tang dynasty.
Chang'an Capital of Tang dynasty; 2 million people; largest city in the world at the time.
Ministry of Rites Administered exams to students from government schools or to those recommended by distinguished scholars.
Jinshi Students that passed the latter (most difficult Chinese exam on all Chinese literature)
Pure Land Buddhism emphasized salvation aspects of Chinese Buddhism; popular among masses of Chinese society
Chan Buddhism Buddhism in China; stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty; popular with elite Chinese society.
Zen Buddhism Buddhism in Japan; stressed meditation and the appreciation of natural and artistic beauty.
Empress Wu Tang ruler 690-705 C.E. in China; supported Buddhist establishment; tried to elevate Buddhism to state religion.
Wuzong Chinese emperor of Tang dynasty who persecuted Buddhism and destroyed monasteries, and limited the flow of land and resources to the monastic orders; reduced influence of Chinese Buddhism; favored Confucian ideology.
Xuanzong Leading Chinese emperor of the Tang dynasty; encouraged over expansion.
Yang Guifei Royal concubine during reign of Xuanzong; introduction of her relatives into royal administration led to revolt.
Zhao Kuangyin Founder of Song dynasty; originally a general following fall of Tang; took title of Taizu.
Liao Dynasty Founded in 907 by nomadic Khitan peoples from Manchuria; maintained independence from Song dynasty in China.
Khitans Nomadic peoples of Manchuria; militarily superior to Song dynasty China but influenced by Chinese culture.
Junks Chinese ships equipped with watertight bulkheads, sternpost rudders, compasses, and bamboo fenders; dominant force in Asian seas east of the Malayan peninsula.
Flying Money Chinese credit instrument that provided credit vouchers to merchants to be redeemed at the end of the voyage; reduced danger of robbery; early form of currency.
Foot-Binding Practice in Chinese society of mutilating women's feet in order to make them smaller; produced pain and restricted women's movement; made it easier to confine women to the household.
Li Bo Most famous poet of the Tang era; blended images of the mundane world with philosophical musings.
Created by: margarita_tirado