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ch.9 islam


sheik the ruler of an Arab tribe, chosen from one of the leading families by a council of elders
Allah Arabic for God; the supreme god of Islam
Quran the holy scriptures of the religion of Islam
Bedouin a nomadic Arab who lived in the Arabian, Syrian, or African deserts
hajj a pilgrimage to Makkah, one of the requirements of the Five Pillars of Islam
Five Pillars Of Islam acts of worship every Muslim must perform; includes belief, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage
caliph a successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temporal leader of the Muslim
jihad "struggle in the way of God
caliphate the office of a caliph
Shia a Muslim group that accepts only the descendants of Muhammad's son-in-law Ali as the true leaders of Islam
Sunni cosmopolitan a place or area that contains several different cultures and groups
vizier a high government official in Egypt; council headed by a prime minister
sultan "holder of power", the military and political head of state leader of the Suljuk Turks and the Germans
bazaar a covered market in Islamic cities
dowry gift of money or property paid at the time of marriage, either by the bride's parents to her husband or, in Islamic societies, by a husband to his wife
astrolabe an instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the positions of stars
arabesques geometric patterns repeated over and over to completely cover a surface with decoration
minaret the tower of mosque from which the muezzin calls the faithful to prayer five
muezzin the crier who calls the Muslim faithful to prayer from the minaret of a mosque
Created by: karim5200