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Ancient India flashcards

Defnie Sanskrit Ancient India's written language developed by the Aryans
Define karma consequences of how a person lives his or her life (can be positive or negative)
What is the largest mountain range in the world? Himalayas
Define reincarnation Passing through many lives in order to reach Brahman; being born again into a new caste.
Define dharma The divine law that states a person much perform the duties of their caste.
What is a monsoon? A strong wind blowing one way in the winter and the opposite direction in the summer.
What did a person's caste determine? Who they could marry and be friends with. What job they could have. Who they could eat or drink with.
What are Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro? large, well-planned cities
What are some advancements given to us by the Harappa and Mohenjo-Daro? wells, drainage systems, streets laid out in grids, garbage chutes
Who was Siddhartha Gautama? The founder of Budhism, AKA Buddha
What is the third largest religion in the world? Hinduism
What are the major beliefs of Buddhism? To stop suffering, you must stop desire
What are the major beliefs of Hinduism? All life is sacred
What empire was India's golden age of learning and culture? Gupta empire
What achievements were made during the Gupta empire? zero, Indian-Arabic numbers, algorithms, sacred texts, surgery, plastic surgery, and more
Who was Krishna? Teacher of the world; one of the Hindu deities
What did Indian astronomers learn about the earth? It is round and goes around the world.
What were the Mahabharata and Ramayana? Sacred texts that tell about warriors and their great deeds
Who was Asoka? The Mauryan's dynasty's greatest king who rejected violence and embraced Buddhism.
What was the first urban civilization in Ancient India? Indus
What two rivers make up India's river valley? Indus River and Ganges River
What are the four castes of India? Brahman (priests), Kshatriya (warriors and rulers), Vaishya (merchants, landowners, artisans), Sudras (hired work and servants)
What people group are not a part of the caste system? Untouchables
Created by: bakerbulldogs