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chapter 9

Sheikh the ruler of an Arabic tribe, chosen from one of the leading families by a council of elders
Allah Arabic for God; the supreme god of Islam
Revelation a divine truth
Muslim a person who believes in Islam
Quran the holy scriptures of the religion of Islam
Hijrah the journey of Muhammad and his followers Madinah in 622, which became year 1 of the official calendar of Islam
Bedouin a nomadic Arab who lives in the Arabian, Syrian, or North African deserts
Hajj a pilgrimage to Makkah, one of the requirements of the Five Pillars of Islam
Submission act of submitting to the control or authority of another
Islam monotheistic religion..
Five Pillars of Islam acts of worship every Muslim must perform; this includes belief, prayer, charity, fasting, and pilgrimage
Shari'ah a law code drawn up by Muslim scholars after Muhammad's death; it provided believers with a set of practical laws to regulate their daily lives
caliphate the office or dominion of a caliph
caliph a successor of Muhammad as spiritual and temporal leader of the Muslims
jihad "struggle in the way of god", a Muslim's duty to work for the triumph of Islam in the world
Shia a Muslim group that accepts only the descendants of Muhammad's son-in-law Ali as the true rulers of Islam
Sunni a Muslim group that accepts only descendants of the Umayyads as the true rulers of Islam
cosmopolitan a place or area that contains several different cultures and groups
vizier a high government official in ancient Egypt or in Muslim countries
sultan " holder of the power," the military and political head of state under the Seljuk Turks and the Ottomans
complex having many intricate parts
bazaar a covered market in Islamic cities
dowry a gift of money of property paid at the time of marriage, either by the bride's parents to her husband or, in Islamic societies, by a husband to his wife
astrolabe an instrument used by sailors to determine their location by observing the positions of the stars
arabesques geometric patterns repeated over and over to completely cover a surface with decoration
minaret the tower of a mosque from which the muezzin calls the faithful to prayer five times a day
muezzin the crier who calls the Muslim faithful to prayer from the minaret of a mosque
erode to diminish or destroy by degrees
commentary an explanatory ...
Created by: meganrdz15