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Ch. 8 History Notes

Ch.8 History Notes

TermDefinition
First Punic War Rome and Carthage are fighting over the island of Sicily; Rome defeated Carthage in 241 B.C.
Cicero Rome's greatest public speaker.
aqueduct a human-made channel for carrying water long distances.
Sicily an island that is part of Italy.
Etruscans a rich people that greatly influenced the growth of Rome.
latifundia large farming estates.
Puteoli port city on the Bay of Naples.
First Triumvirate Crassus, Pompey, and Julius Caesar.
plebeians member of the common people in ancient Rome.
praetors important government official in ancient Rome.
dictator in ancient Rome, a person who ruled with complete power temporarily during emergencies.
Aeneid legend of a Trojan hero said to have begun Rome.
Pax Romana 200 years of peace that began with the rule of Augustus.
Hadrian a “good emperor.”
patricians wealthy landowner and member of the ruling class in ancient Rome.
Second Triumvirate Octavian, Antony, Lepidus.
Roman Confederation system of rule where Romans gave full citizenship to some conquered peoples.
Ostia port city on the mouth of the Tiber.
Third Punic War Rome enslaves 50,000 Carthaginians.
Julian calendar 12 months, 365 days, and a leap year.
Created by: S730503