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post ww2/ cold war

TermDefinition
george marshall was an American soldier and statesman famous for his leadership roles during World War II and the Cold War
douglas macarthur He was Chief of Staff of the United States Army during the 1930s and played a prominent role in the Pacific theater during World War II.
harry truman was the 33rd President of the United States. As the final running mate of President Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1944, Truman became president on April 12, 1945, when Roosevelt died
winston churchill was a British statesman who was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1940 to 1945 and again from 1951 to 1955
dwight eisenhower 34th President of the United States from 1953 until 1961,
john f. kennedy politician who served as the 35th President of the United States from January 1961 until his assassination in November 1963.
mikhail gorbachev a former Soviet statesman. He was the last leader of the Soviet Union
chaing kai-shek military leader who served as the leader of the Republic of China between 1928 and 1975
mao tse-tung a Chinese Communist revolutionary and the founding father of the People's Republic of China
deng xiaoping He was the paramount leader of China from 1978 until his retirement in 1992
ho chi minh was a Vietnamese Communist revolutionary leader who was prime minister and president of the Democratic Republic of Vietnam
fidel castro served as Prime Minister of the Republic of Cuba from 1959 to 1976
nikita krushchev Russian politician who led the Soviet Union during part of the Cold War.
margaret thatcher was the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 1979 to 1990 and the Leader of the Conservative Party from 1975 to 1990
indira gandhi first female Prime Minister of India and central figure of the Indian National Congress party.
ronald reagan American politician, commentator, and actor, who served as the 40th President of the United States from 1981 to 1989
universal declaration of human rights a declaration adopted by the United Nations General Assembly
iron curtain physical boundary dividing Europe into two separate areas
war crimes trials a series of trials of accused Nazi war criminals
super powers
marshall plan American initiative to aid Western Europe
truman doctrine American foreign policy to stop Soviet imperialism during the Cold War
policy of containment prevent the spread of communism
united nations The United Nations is an intergovernmental organization to promote international co-operation
nato The North Atlantic Treaty Organization
warsaw pact a collective defense treaty among eight communist states
yalta conference meeting of British prime minister Winston Churchill, Soviet premier Joseph Stalin, and President Franklin D. Roosevelt early in February 1945 as World War II was winding down.
democracy all the people of a state or polity are involved in making decisions about its affairs
dictatorship control by force
fall out shelter
satellite nations subordination of one state to another.
nuclear weapons explosive device that derives its destructive force from nuclear reactions
korean conflict war between North and South Korea, a United Nations force led by the United States of America fought for the South, and China fought for the North
vietnam war was fought between North Vietnam—supported by the Soviet Union, China and other communist allies—and the government of South Vietnam—supported by the United States
berlin wall was the defining symbol of the Cold War, separating families and keeping the people from jobs and opportunity in the west
cuban missile crisis was a 13-day confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union over Soviet ballistic missiles deployed in Cuba
theory of deterrence nuclear weapons are intended to deter other states from attacking with their nuclear weapons
domino theory if one country in a region came under the influence of communism, then the surrounding countries would follow in a domino effect
soviet collaspe in December of 1991 the Soviet Union disintegrated into fifteen separate countries
chinese civil war war in China fought between forces loyal to the Kuomintang-led government of the Republic of China, and forces loyal to the Communist Party of China
glasnost Soviet policy of open discussion of political and social issues
prestroika a political movement for reformation within the Communist Party of the Soviet Union during the 80's
Created by: 19jkeene