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Ch7 Rubenstein Vocab

QuestionAnswer
Ethnicity Identity with a group of people who share the same cultural traditions.
Race Identity with a group of people who share a biological ancestor.
Triangular Slave Trade An efficient triangular trading pattern between Europe, Africa and the Americas.
Sharecropper Works fields rented from a landowner and pays the rent by turning over to the landowner a share of the crops.
Racism The belief that race is the primary determinant of human traits and capacities and that racial differences produce an inherit superiority of a particular race.
Racist One who subscribes to the beliefs of racism.
Blockbusting When real estate agents convinced white homeowners living near a black area to sell their homes at low prices.
Apartheid Physical separation of different races into different geographic areas in South Africa.
Nationality Identity with a group of people who share legal attachment and personal allegiance to a particular country.
Self-determination The concept that ethnicities have the right to govern themselves.
Nation-State A state whose territory corresponds to that occupied by a particular ethnicity that has been transformed into a nationality.
Nationalism Loyalty and devotion to a nationality
Centripetal Force An attitude that tends to unify people and enhance support for a state.
Multi-ethnic state A state with more than one ethnicity
Multinational State Contain two ethnic groups with traditions of self determination that agree to coexist peacefully by recognizing each other as distinctive nationalities.
Ethnic Cleansing A process in which a more powerful ethnic group forcibly removes a less powerful one in order to create an ethnically homogeneous region.
Balkanization The process by which a state breaks down through conflicts among its ethnicities.
Balkanized A small geographic area that can not be successfully organized into one or more stable states because it is inhabited by many ethnicities who hate of each other.
Discrimination Treatment or consideration based on class or category rather than individual merit; partiality or prejudice
Ghetto Term derived from areas in cities where only Jews lived, but now used to denote a section of a city in which members of any minority group live because of social, legal, or economic pressure.
Separate but equal Laws passed, usually in the America South and called "Jim Crow", pertaining to a racial policy by which blacks may be segregated if granted equal opportunities and facilities, as for education, transportation, or jobs. Now considered unconstitutional.
White flight After separate but equal laws were designated to be unconstitutional, whites left neighborhoods where they believed blacks would now move into.
Homelands As part of apartheid, 10 regions in South Africa where every black was supposed to be a citizen even if they didn't live there.
Created by: WestonSandfort
 

 



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