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Mrs. Ringpfeil's Vocab

civilization an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached
city-state a sovereign state consisting of an autonomous city with its dependencies
empire a group of nations or peoples ruled over by an emperor, empress, or other powerful sovereign or government: usually a territory of greater extent than a kingdom, as the former British Empire, French Empire, Russian Empire, Byzantine or Roman Empire
culture the quality in a person or society that arises from a concern for what is regarded as excellent in arts, letters, manners, scholarly pursuits, etc
ziggurats (among the ancient Babylonians and Assyrians) a temple of Sumerian origin in the form of a pyramidal tower, consisting of a number of stories and having about the outside a broad ascent winding round the structure, presenting a lot of terraces
cuneiform having the form of a wedge; wedge-shaped
irrigation the artificial application of water to land to assist in the production of crops
code of laws a code of law is an organized written statement of the rules of a society or nation
social pyramid a way of illustrating the social organization of a particular society
artisan a person skilled in an applied art; a craftsperson
merchant a person who buys and sells commodities for profit; dealer; trader
scribe a person who serves as a professional copyist, especially one who made copies of manuscripts before the invention of printing
patriarchal of or relating to a patriarch, the male head of a family, tribe, community, church, order, etc.
Sumer an ancient region in southern Mesopotamia that contained a number of independent cities and city-states of which the first were established possibly as early as 5000 b.c.: conquered by the Elamites and, about 2000 b.c., by the Babylonians...
akkadians the eastern Semitic language, now extinct, of Assyria and Babylonia, written with a cuneiform script
Sargon flourished c2300 b.c, Mesopotamian ruler: founder of Akkadian kingdom
Hammurabi 18th century b.c. or earlier, king of Babylonia
Babylon an ancient city of SW Asia, on the Euphrates River, famed for its magnificence and culture: capital of Babylonia and later of the Chaldean empire
Created by: emma.warner0717