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3.2 Vocab

TermDefinition
City-State a city that with its surrounding territory forms an independent state.
Empire an extensive group of states or countries under a single supreme authority, formerly especially an emperor or empress.
Culture a way of life of a group of people
Ziggurats massive structures built in the ancient Mesopotamian valley and western Iranian plateau, having the form of a terraced step pyramid of successively receding stories or levels.
Cuneiform denoting or relating to the wedge-shaped characters used in the ancient writing systems of Mesopotamia, Persia, and Ugarit, surviving mainly impressed on clay tablets.
Irrigation the watering of land to make it ready for agriculture.
Code of Laws a set of laws made by an early Mesopotamian emperor
Social Pyramid the levels of jobs and social levels in ancient Mesopotamia
Artisan a worker in a skilled trade, especially one that involves making things by hand.
Merchant a businessperson who trades in commodities produced by others
Scribe a person who writes books or documents by hand in hieroglyphics, cuneiform or other scripts and may help keep track of records for priests and government.
Patriarchal of, relating to, or characteristic of a system of society or government controlled by men.
Civilization the stage of human social development and organization that is considered most advanced.
Sumer one of the ancient civilizations and historical regions in southern Mesopotamia
Akkadians the people of the Akkadian Empire
Sargon a Semitic Akkadian emperor famous for his conquest of the Sumerian city-states in the 24th and 23rd centuries BC.
Hammurabi sixth king of the First Babylonian Dynasty
Babylon a significant city in ancient Mesopotamia, in the fertile plain between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers.
Neo-Babylonian Empire a period of Mesopotamian history which began in 626 BC and ended in 539 BC.
Nebuchdnezzar a Chaldean king of the Neo-Babylonian Empire
Created by: RoseTheFlautist