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Pharmacology Vocab

Pharmacology Vocabulary

Abuse The excessive or improper use of a substance, person, or animal
Addictive Pertaining to habit-forming: a substance that may cause physical and/or psychological dependancy
Administer To give
Controlled Substance A drug that has the potential for addiction and abuse. Example Opium, Cocaine and their derivatives, narcotics, stimulants, and depressants.
Dispense To prepare and give out
Narcotic To produce sleep or stupor. A narcotic drug is one that depresses the central nervous system and, in moderate dosages, relieves pain and produces sleep. Most narcotics are habit forming.
Practitioner One who has met the professional and legal requirements of a certain occupation or profession
Prescribe To order or recommend the use of a drug, diet, or other form of therapy
Initial dose Is the first dose
Average dose Is the amount of medication proven most effective with minimum toxic effect
Maintenance Dose is the amount that will keep concentration of the drug at a therapeutic level in the patient's bloodstream
Therapeutic Dose Is the amount of a medication that can be given safely to a patient
Unit dose Is a premeasured amount of the medication, individually packaged on a per-dose basis
Cumulative dose is the summation of a drug present in the body after repeated medication
Lethal Dose Is the amount of medication that could kill a patient
Toxic Dose Is the amount of a drug that causes signs and symptoms of drug toxicity
Minimum dose Is the smallest dose that will be effective
Created by: mjargrandma