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ch.11

The Roman Phase

QuestionAnswer
Who was Aeneas? a refugee from Troy who migrated to Italy when Greek invaders destroyed his native land
Who founded the city of Rome? Romulus
Romulus and Remus? Twins, descendants from Aeneas, who were drowned by their evil uncle in the tiber river but were saved by a she-wolf.
Who were the Etruscans? Dynamic people who dominated much of Italy between the eighth and fifth centuries B.C.E
What is the Roman Forum? a political and civic center filled with temples and public buildings where leading citizens tended to government business.
Roman appointed who in time of crisis? A dictator, for a term of six months
Who were the Gauls? powerful Celtic people who on several occasions invaded Italy.
Punic Wars were against who? Against carthage in 264 and 146 B.C.E.
pax romana ? Roman Peace, lasted for two and a half centuries
Twelve Tables ? basic law code for citizens of the early republic.
paterfamilias ? Father of the family, had the right to decide other family members job, marriage and could sell them into slavery or execute them
Who was the principle god of the romans? Jupiter, lord of heavens
3 main deities? Jupiter was the principal god, lord of the heavens. Mars was the god of war, Ceres the goddess of grain, Janus the god who watched the threshold of individual houses, and Vesta the goddess of the hearth.
Religion mainly taught what? salvation
Stoicism The school taught that virtue , is based on knowledge, and that the wise live in harmony with the divine Reason that governs nature are indifferent to the vicissitudes of fortune and to pleasure and pain.
Created by: kiara3102