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Chapter 11

Mediterranean Society: The Roman Phase

Who were Romulus and Remus? legendary twins rescued by a she-wolf; founded Rome in 753 B.C.E.
The_____ dominated Italy eighth to fifth centuries B.C.E. Etruscans
The kingdom of Rome was on the_____River Tiber
Republican constitution included two consuls: Civil and Military
Consuls were elected by an assembly dominated by the___ Partitians
Patricians granted plebeians the______ Tribunes
_____ tribunes dominated Roman politics, early third century B.C.E. Plenians'
____ consolidated its position in Italy, fifth and fourth centuries B.C.E. Also became preeminent power in eastern and western Mediterranean Rome
The ______ supported land redistribution; both were assassinated Gracchi brothers
________ recruited rural and urban poor--intensely loyal armies Military commanders
general who advocated land redistribution. Gaius Marius
Conservative ________ supported general Lucius Cornelius Sulla aristocratic class
______ very popular social reformer and conqueror (Gaul) and claimed the title "dictator for life." Julius Caesar
______ brought civil conflict to an end Octavion
Owners of latifundia focused on specialized _________ production for export
Roman navy kept the seas largely free of ______ pirates
The Mediterranean became a________ Roman lake
______ attracted numerous immigrants Attractions: baths, pools, gymnasia, circuses, stadiums, amphitheaters Rome
_____ wielded considerable influence within their families and many supervised family business and wealthy estates. Women
Appealed to Roman intellectuals. Cicero (106-43 B.C.E.) persuasive orator and writer on Stoicism Stoicism
Charismatic Jewish teacher, taught devotion to God and love for human beings attracted large crowds through his wisdom and miraculous powers. The teaching "the kingdom of God is at hand" alarmed the Romans Jesus of Nazareth
The New Testament and the Old Testament became the holy book of _____. Christianity
_____ of Tarsus was principle figure in spread of Christianity. Paul
_____ had strong appeal to lower classes, urban population, and women. Christianity
Created by: ursus3102