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History Test Cards 1

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TermDefinition
(Chapter 11) Irenaeus Declared that all churches must agree with the church of Rome.
(Chapter 11) Petrine Theory Theorized that Christ founded His church upon the apostle Peter.
(Chapter 11) Pope Latin for "papa".
(Chapter 11) Gelasius the 1st Issued the Doctrine of the 2 Swords.
(Chapter 11) Papacy Single most powerful institution in Western Europe.
(Chapter 11) Gregory the 1st First medieval pope.
(Chapter 11) Sacraments Sacred acts that earned God's grace.
(Chapter 11+12) John Wycliffe Translated the Latin Bible into English. Called the Morning Star of the Reformation.
(Chapter 11) Peter Waldo Translated the Bible for the people of the Alps.
(Chapter 11) Council of Toulouse Forbade anyone but clergymen from having a Bible.
(Chapter 11) Breviary Service and worship book of the Church.
(Chapter 11) Monasticism Withdrawing from society.
(Chapter 11) Friars Monks that did missionary work.
(Chapter 11) Types of Monks Benedictine, Franciscans, Dominicans.
(Chapter 11) Patrick Missionary to Ireland.
(Chapter 11) Clovis Frankish king, started the Merovingian line of kings.
(Chapter 11) Mayor of the Palace Had power during the Merovingian line.
(Chapter 11) Charles Martel Fended off the Moors.
(Chapter 11) Pepin Charles' son. Defeated the Lombards and gave their land to the pope. This land was known as the Papal States.
(Chapter 11) Charlemagne Pepin's son. Crowned as Emperor of Rome on Christmas day.
(Chapter 11) Charlemagne's Empire Largest since the Roman Empire.
(Chapter 11) Vikings Descended upon Europe.
(Chapter 11) Treaty of Verdun Divided Charlemagne's Empire.
(Chapter 11) Pope Innocent the 3rd Papacy gained its peak of power under him.
(Chapter 11) Inquisition Special Court dealing with matters of heresy.
(Chapter 11) Babylonian Captivity of the Papacy Pope and Cardinals came under the control of the French.
(Chapter 11) Great Schism Time of rival Popes in the Roman Church.
(Chapter 11) Otto the Great Used to give birth to the Holy Roman Empire.
(Chapter 11) Frederick Barbarossa First in the Hohenstaufen line of kings.
(Chapter 12) Peasant's Crusade Crusade led by farmers.
(Chapter 12) First Crusade 50,000 crusaders took a strip of land along the Mediterranean Sea.
(Chapter 12) Bernard of Clairvaux Started Second Crusade, accomplished nothing.
(Chapter 12) Third Crusade Led by Richard the 1st, accomplished little.
(Chapter 12) Saladin United Muslims against the crusaders.
(Chapter 12) Fourth Crusade Never reached the Holy Land.
(Chapter 12) Children's Crusade French children attempted to march to the Holy Land.
(Chapter 12) Burgs Middle-class towns.
(Chapter 12) Guilds Early form of trade unions.
(Chapter 12) Flanders Known for its wool goods.
(Chapter 12) Medici A leading banking family in Florence.
(Chapter 12) Gothic Architecture Had tall walls with many pointed windows.
(Chapter 12) The Black Death Disease that killed 25,000,000 people, approximately 1/3 of Europe's population.
(Chapter 12) Salerno Location of the first medieval university.
(Chapter 12) Prague Oldest German university.
(Chapter 12) Scholasticism Combined Greek philosophy with Romanism.
(Chapter 12) Thomas Aquinas Promoted Scholasticism and Thomism.
(Chapter 12) Roger Bacon An English Franciscan scientist.
(Chapter 12) John Huss Preached in Bohemia.
(Chapter 12) Gerhard Groote Organized the Brethren of the Common Life.
(Chapter 12) Thomas a Kempis Wrote the Imitation of Christ.
(Chapter 12) Dante Wrote Divine Comedy.
(Chapter 12) Geoffrey Chaucer Wrote the Canterbury Tales.
(Chapter 12) Savonarola Roman Priest. Lived in Florence.
(Chapter 12) Feudalism Way of life based upon the ownership and use of land.
(Chapter 12) Crown Land Land used by the king.
(Chapter 12) Fief Land held by one man.
(Chapter 12) Chivalry Code of Conduct for knights.
(Chapter 12) Squire Became knight around the age of 21 years.
(Chapter 12) Heraldry Colorful and unique symbols displayed on armor.
(Chapter 12) Jousts Two knights fought to knock each other off their horses.
(Chapter 12) Minstrels Musicians who played simple instruments and sang songs of love and war.
(Chapter 12) Manors Estates that belonged to the nobles.
(Chapter 12) Serfs Peasants.
(Chapter 12) Demesne Lord's Fields.
(Chapter 12) Truce of God When Church forbade fighting on certain days.
(Chapter 12) Petrarch Father of Humanism.
(Chapter 12) The Prince Only book of lasting importance. Written by Niccolo Machiavelli.
(Chapter 12) Patrons People that use their own money to support the arts.
(Chapter 12) Leonardo da Vinci Painted the Mona Lisa and The Last Supper.
(Chapter 12) Raphael Painted the School of Athens.
(Chapter 12) Michelangelo Painted the walls and ceiling of the Sistine Chapel, and made statues of David and Moses.
(Chapter 12) ::ESSAY:: The Middle Age is often called the Dark Age because Europe had a distorted view of Christianity. They were brought out of it by the growth of towns, learning, freedom, The Reformation, The Renaissance of Classical Learning, and the Printing Press.
(Chapter 12) Printing Press Created by Johann Gutenburg at around 1440.
Created by: HiganStudios