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Ancient Greece

Standards 6-2.1 & 6-2.2

QuestionAnswer
Describe the geography of Greece. Rocky and mountainous Mainland is a peninsula Many islands A few small valleys and coastal plains; very little farmland
Where did early Greeks create settlements? Along the coasts and in river valleys
Describe life during the early Greek settlements. Communities were isolated Each community had its own government and own way of life All communities spoke the same language Each community considered itself its own country
How did the sea impact Greek life? The sea provided a source for food and trading; Greeks traded food and ideas; Greeks were skilled shipbuilders and sailors
Democracy A type of government in which people rule themselves
Where does "democracy" come from? Comes from Greek words meaning "rule of the people"
Aristocrats Rich landowners
Oligarchy A government in which only a few people have power
Citizens People who have the right to participate in government
Assembly Gathering of citizens to create laws
Describe democracy under Cleisthenes. All citizens had a right to participate in the assembly Every citizen had the right to speak their opinion Number of people who voted in the assembly changed day to day Athenians elected city officials that decided which laws to vote on
Describe Direct Democracy. Athens All citizens met to debate and vote on issues No separation of powers Only free male citizens could vote
Describe Representative Democracy. United States Citizens elect representatives to debate and vote on issues Separation of powers Men and women who are citizens can vote
Polis City-state; fundamental political unit in Ancient Greece
Monarchy A government in which only one person holds power (King or Queen)
Agora Marketplace
Acropolis Fortified hilltop
Mythology A body of stories about gods and heroes that try to explain how the world works
What did myths attempt to explain? Natural and historical events
Who was Homer? Blind storyteller Responsible for writing the Illiad and the Odyssey
Fables Short stories that teach the reader lessons about life or give advice on how to live
Who was Aesop? Most famous person who wrote fables
Who was Philip II of Macedonia? Brilliant military strategist Used the phalanx Conquered all of Greece Father of Alexander
Phalanx Group of warriors who stood close together in a square
Describe Alexander the Great's conquests. Was 20 when he began Conquers parts of Africa, Asia, Europe, and India (most of the known world at the time)
How did Alexander help spread Greek culture? Modeled cities after Greek cities Built temples and theaters to the Greek gods Settlers to new cities spoke Greek
Hellenistic Greek-like
Why did Alexander's empire collapse? When Alexander died, he did not name a successor or heir
Socratic Method Learning through questioning
Socrates First of the Greek philosophers; concerned with "arete" which is goodness; believed in an absolute right and wrong
Plato Prized student of Socrates; established The Academy; wrote The Republic which laid out his idea of a perfect government, in which philosopher-kings should rule society
Aristotle Student at The Academy; tutored Alexander the Great; built The Lyceum; taught the idea of the "golden mean" where people should do nothing in excess; also helped advance science through observations
Created by: NYongue