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Chapter 6

TermDefinition
13,000 B.C.E Human migration to North America from Siberia
8000-7000 B.C.E Origins of agriculture in Mesoamerica
4000 B.C.E Origins of maize cultivation in Mesoamerica
3000 B.C.E Origins of agriculture in South America
1200-100 B.C.E Olmec society
1000-300 B.C.E Chavín cult
200 B.C.E-750 C.E. Teotihuacan society
300-1100 C.E. Maya society
300-700 C.E. Mochica society
60,000 B.C.E Human migration to Australia and New Guinea
3000 B.C.E. Origins of agriculture in New Guinea
3000 B.C.E. Austronesian migrations to New Guinea
1500-500 B.C.E. Lapita society
1500 B.C.E.-700 C.E. Austronesian migrations to Pacific Islands
The low sea levels during ice ages...? exposed land bridges that linked Siberia with Alaska, and Australia with New Guinea.
The decline of Olmec society might have been caused by..? civil conflicts
For the Olmecs, the ceremonial center at San Lorenzo was like..? Tikal to the Maya.
The Maya calendar? contained a solar year and a ritual year.
What is the story of the voyage of Ru? It told the migration from Hawai`i to an uninhabited island
What is the story of the voyage of Ru? It told the migration from Hawai`i to an uninhabited island
What caused exposure to land bridges that linked Siberia with Alaska, and Australia with New Guinea? The low sea levels during ice ages
What happened during the time of the Chavin Cult? large temple complexes were built; carvings of wild animals were created; weavers produced cotton textiles;
What did the Popol Vuh concern? the creation of the world
What year did large migration come about to the Americas? about 13,000 B.C.E, during the last ice age
Which of the following is NOT true regarding migrations to the Americas? most of the migrants arrived by boat
Mesoamerica A geographical and cultural area which extends from central Mexico down through Central America.
Civilization A culture that has developed complex systems of government, education, and religion.
Mother Culture A way of life that strongly influences later cultures.
Olmec Politics destroyed their capitals, maybe because of civil conflicts about the ruling classes.
Olmec Interactions with environment lived in an area where rubber trees flourished.
Olmec Relgion built ceremonial centers with pyramids and temples.
Olmec Art and Architecture huge sculptures of human heads, elaborate complex of temples, pyramids, altars, stone sculptures, and tombs for rulers
Olmec Technology constructed elaborate drainage systems.
Olmec Economy agriculture produced rich harvests
Olmec Society established the first complex society in Mesoamerica,probably authoritarian
Maya Politics scores of small city-kingdoms that fought often
Maya enviorment built terraces to trap silt carried by rivers; increased the agricultural productivity
Maya Religion priests devised written languages and new astronomical knowledge, Kaminaljuyú was a ceremonial center
Maya Art 80+ large ceremonial centers in the lowlands with pyramids, palaces, and temples and lots of smaller settlements.
Maya Technology calendar which contained a solar year and a ritual year.
Maya Economy agricultural
Maya Society large class of priests, hereditary nobility, merchants, normal ppl, slaves and peasants
Andean politics conquerors unified the individual valleys and organized them into integrated societies Each region contributed products to the larger economy of the valley
Andean enviorment construct canals and irrigation systems to support farms on the dry land Andean valleys
Andean religion intricate stone carvings represent deities with the features of humans and wild animals - Chavin Cult
Andean art built ceremonial centers rather than the making of true cities
Andean technology elaborate cotton textiles better fishnets,fashioned metals into pieces of jewelry or other decorative items but also made small tools out of copper.
Andean economy beans, peanuts, and sweet potatoes as their main food crops. +cotton,The rich marine life supplemented agricultural harvests,
Andean society located in the region now occupied by the states of Peru and Bolivia.
Glyph Glyphs are pictures that represent words.
Archaeologist Someone who studies human history through excavation or research
Causeways A raised road or path usually built across a body of water
Chinampas “Floating” gardens built on a series of rafts, which were anchored to the lake bed. The Aztecs piled dirt on top of the rafts and grew crops on them.
Conquistador A conquistador is a Spanish soldier
Created by: kassandra2019