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Chapter 6 America

Early American Societies

When did humans start migrating to North America? Circa 13,000 B.C.E
When did agriculture start emerging in Mesoamerica? Circa 8000-7000 B.C.E
When was Maize first cultivated? Circa 4000 B.C.E
When was agriculture used in South America? Circa 3000 B.C.E
When did the Olmec society emerge and end? Circa 1200-100 B.C.E
When was the Chavin cult around? Circa 1000-300 B.C.E
When did the Teotihuacan society emerge and end? Circa 200 B.C.E- 750 C.E
When did the Mayan society emerge and end? Circa 300-1100 C.E
When did the Mochica society emerge and end? Circa 300-700 C.E
When did humans start to migrate to modern day Australia? Circa 60,000 B.C.E
When did agriculture emerge in these areas? Circa 3000 B.C.E
When did the Autronesians start migrating to New Guinea Circa 3000 B.C.E
When did the Lapita society start and end? Circa 1500-500 B.C.E
When did the migrations to the Pacific Islands commence and end? Circa 1500 B.C.E-700 C.E
How did Olmecan rulers show power? By building huge pyramids in their name
What did the Olmecs use for trade? Traded Jade and Obsidian
What evidence of religion do we have for the Olmecs? Ceremonial centers built before the second millennium
What does this tell us of their possible governmental organization? Heavily based on religion (Theology)
What area did the Olmecs emerge in? The Gulf of Mexico
What happened when the decline of the Olmecs begun? During their decline, their ceremonial centers were systematically destroyed by 400 B.C.E
What influences did the Olmecs leave for future societies? Maize, ceremonial centers, calendar, human sacrifice, ball game
Where did the Mayans reside? In the highlands of modern day Guatemala
What social stratification did the mayans use? Priests were main, warriors had prestige, and captives of warfare where slaves
What happened for the Mayans to decline? The mayans started leaving their cities
What is Mesoamerica? A region of the americas that extends from approximately central Mexico to Nicaragua
What is the definition of a civilization? an advanced state of human society, in which a high level of culture, science, industry, and government has been reached.
What is a mother culture? A mother culture is a term for an earlier people's culture that has great and widespread influence on some later cultures and people.
What is a glyph? a hieroglyphic character or symbol; a pictographWhat
What is an Archeologist? a specialist in archaeology, the scientific study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments, etc.
What is a causeway? a raised road or path, as across low or wet ground.
what are "Chinampas"? a long and narrow floating field on a shallow lake bed, artificially built up by layering soil, sediment, and decaying vegetation and used, especially by the Aztecs, to grow crops.
What is a "Conquistador"? one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Why was the sacrificial ball game important to these cultures? it was a way of sport, gamble, and had religious value
What religious value did the ball game had? The losing team would be sacrificed. Sacrifice was a way to keep the gods happy with their culture and they would bring good fortune to them.
Who took over right after the Mayas? The Teotihuacan Society.
What is the most important thing for the Teotihuacan society? Religion
What is proof of this claim? Wall carvings show how priests were the most important people, they built pyramids for their gods, and sacrifice
How was the Teotihuacan society stratified? The top were priest and rulers, followed by the artisans and merchants, and then farmhands and slaves.
What about any governmental policies for this society? No signs of military organization or conquest, most likely depended on their religion(Theocracy)
When was South America first reached? Circa 12,000 B.C.E
Created by: ariel3202