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Chapter 6

AP World History Assignment

QuestionAnswer
13,000 BCE Human migration to North America from Siberia
8000-7000 BCE Origins of agriculture in Mesoamerica
4000 BCE Origins of maize cultivation in South America
3000 BCE Olmec Society
1200-100 BCE ChavĂ­n cult
1000-300 BCE Teotihuacan society
200 BCE-750 CE Maya society
300-1100 CE Mochica society
300-700 BCE Mochica society
60,000 BCE Human migration to Australia and New Guinea Origins of agriculture in New Guinea
3000 BCE Origins of agriculture in New Guinea
3000 BCE Austronesia migrations to New Guinea
1500-500 BCE Lapita Society
1500 BCE-700 CE Austronesia migrations to Pacific islands
What was a religious and political act for the Mayan people? Bloodletting, they believed that by giving blood to the goods would bring good harvest.
What was another belief about the bloodletting? That the world had started by the blood of the gods.
What came first: migrations or agricultures? Migrations, then the people developed agricultures.
When and where did the biggest migration wave occur? It occurred in 1300 BCE from North America to Siberia.
How many people migrated to Alaska and when? It's not official how many, it is noted to be a few and it happened in 15000 BCE.
What became a stable food for the people of Mesoamerica? Maize and then they added tomatoes.
What else did they eat? Their domesticated turkeys and small barkless dogs.
How did they use their wheeled carts? They didn't considering that they needed animals to pull them, but had none.
What buildings existed besides agricultural villages? Ceremonial centers with palaces, temples and monumental pyramids.
What people lived along the coast of the Gulf of Mexico? The Olmecs, the first complex society to exist in the Americas.
What did the Olmecs do to have water? They used the lots of rain that fell and used drainage systems rather than irrigation systems.
What were the ceremonial centers the Olmecs had? Temples, pyramids, alters, stone sculptures, and tombs for rulers.
What happened in 400 BCE? The Olmec society fell.
Mesoamerica The area extending approximately from central Mexico to Honduras and Nicaragua in which diverse pre-Columbian civilizations flourished.
Civilization Any complex society characterized by urban development, social stratification, symbolic communication forms, and a perceived separation from and domination over the natural environment.
Mother Culture A term for an earlier people's culture that has great and widespread influence on some later cultures and people. Though the original culture may fade, the mother culture's influence grows for ages in the future.
Glyph A hieroglyphic character or symbol; a pictograph.
Archaeologist A scientist who studies human history by digging up human remains and artifacts.
Causeways A raised road or track across low or wet ground.
Chinampas A method of Mesoamerican agriculture which used small, rectangular areas of fertile arable land to grow crops on the shallow lake beds in the Valley of Mexico.
Conquistador A conqueror, especially one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Who constantly fought with the Mayan kingdoms? They only fought among themselves for the many conflicts.
Why did the Mayan desert their cities? Internal dissension and civil war, failure of the system of water control deading to diminished harvests and demographic collapse, ecological problems caused by deforestation, the spread of disease, and natural disasters
Which were the Mayan social classes? -Priests and ruling elites -Professional architects and sculptors -Artisans -Slaves ad peasants
Who arrived in the 1600's? The Spanish, whom then proceeded by destroying any Mayan books or written material.
What do pantings and murals suggest what about Tetohouicban? It was a theocracy.
Created by: sammy3202