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Chapter 6

Americas and Oceania

Olmecs' politics In several regions, they had agricultural villages and ceremonial centers
Olmecs' geography They constructed elaborate drainage systems to divert waters so they did not flooded their fields
Olmecs' religion Human sacrafices had been made in their society
Olmecs' art They had built temples, pyramids, altars, stone sculptures, and tombs for rulers
Olmecs' technology They used obsidian which they made knives axes and other weaponry
Olmecs' economics They had cultivated beans, chili peppers, avocados, squashes, gourds, and tomatoes later on
Olmeca' society Thier cultural traditions influenced all complex societies of Mesoamerica but there are some questions remaining about their society
Maya's warfare Their warfare was not to kill enemies but to capture them in hand-to-hand combat on the battlefield
Maya's geography Lived by the Gulf of Mexico
Maya's relgion They had participated in religious rituals
Maya's architecture They built pyramids, palaces, and temples
Maya's technology They discovered the length of the solar year which was 365.242 days
Maya's economics Based on agriculture
Maya's society They had a large class of priests who maintained calendar and transmitted knowledge of writing, astronomy, and mathematics
Andean's politics No evidence of politics
Andean's geography They lived in the states of Peru and Bolivia
Andean's religion Polytheism
Andean's art Built sculptures of their gods
Andean's technology Craftsmen experimented with minerals and discovered techniques of gold, silver, and copper metallurgy
Andean's economics Agriculture
Andean's society There were Hunters and Gathers
Austronesian's politics With limited supplies of edible plants and animals, they could not support the communities of foragers
Austronesian's geography They were in New Guinea
Austronesian's religion No evidence of religion
Austronesian's art They had pottery
Austronesian's technology They crafted canoes
Austronesian's economics Their agriculture depended on the cultivation of root crops and the herding of animals
Austronesian's society There were hunters and gathers
Lapita's politics They were concentrate on the development of their own societies
Lapita's geography They lived in the Pacific islands
Lapita's religion No evidence of religion
Lapita's art Pottery
Lapita's technology Were able to maintained communication and exchange networks
Lapita's economics They traded
Lapita's society They established agricultural villages where they raised pigs and chickens
Mesoamerica Region and cultrual area in the Americas
Civilazation The stage of human social development organized that is advancing
Mother Culture A way of life that strongly infulences later cultures
Glyph pictures that represent words
Archaeologist A scientist who studies human history
Causeways Wet ground
Chinampas A method of Mesoamerican agriculture
Conquistador A conqueror
13,000 B.C.E. Human migration to North America from Siberia
8000–7000 B.C.E. Origins of agriculture in Mesoamerica
4000 B.C.E. Origins of maize cultivation in Mesoamerica
3000 B.C.E. Origins of agriculture in South America
1200–100 B.C.E. Olmec society
1000–300 B.C.E. Chavín cult
200 B.C.E.–750 C.E. Teotihuacan society
300–1100 C.E. Maya society
300–700 C.E. Mochica society
60,000 B.C.E. Human migration to Australia and New Guinea
3000 B.C.E. Origins of agriculture in New Guinea
3000 B.C.E. Austronesian migrations to New Guinea
1500–500 B.C.E. Lapita society
1500 B.C.E.–700 C.E. Austronesian migrations to Pacific islands
Created by: dereku3202