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Egypt Vocabulary

TermDefinition
Egypt A rich & powerful ancient kingdom in Northeast Africa that was centered around the Nile River & very well protected by its natural barriers.
Nile River the world's longest river which flows north from the heart of Africa to the Mediterranean Sea. Its gentle & dependable flooding provided rich farmland & made it the center of the Egyptian World.
Sahara Desert The world’s largest desert, stretching 3,000 miles across North Africa. It provided a natural barrier for Egypt that helped protect it from invasion.
Cataract Steep rapids formed by cliffs and boulders in the Nile River that protected Egypt from invasion in the South.
Delta An area of fertile soil at the mouths of a river.
Papyrus The reed plants of the Nile valley that were used to make a form of paper, which is also called by the same name.
Hieroglyphics The system of writing made up of thousands of pictures symbols developed by the ancient Egyptians.
Unification The process of uniting or combining two or more lands into one kingdom
Narmer The King of Upper Egypt who united Upper & Lower Egypt and became the first Pharaoh.
Dynasty A line of rulers from the same family.
Pharaoh An all powerful king in ancient Egypt that was considered to be son of the Sun god Re. His word was the law.
Polytheistic belief in many gods
Deity A god or goddess.
Embalming A process developed by the ancient Egyptians for preserving a person’s body after death
Pyramid A huge stone structure built by the ancient Egyptians to serve as a tomb & to protect the pharaoh’s body so that he could make it to the afterlife.
Book of the Dead A collection of ancient Egyptian papyrus books containing prayers and spells to obtain life after death. It was kind of like a traveler’s guide for getting to the underworld.
Hatshepsut The first woman to become Pharaoh and was known for her peaceful and abundant reign.
Tutankhamen King Tut, inherited the throne at age 10 and died at age 19, but in 1922, his tomb was found containing his mummy & incredible treasures, making him famous.
Ramses II One of Egypt's greatest Pharaohs who reigned for 66 years. He expanded Egypt's borders to their largest extent & started a massive building program for monuments & temples
Tribute Payment made by one group or nation to another to show obedience or to obtain peace or protection.
Created by: traciae