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LD AP World II Ch 19

LD AP World II Chapter 19 - Questions/Answers

QuestionAnswer
Who was the conqueror of the Byzantine empire in 1453? Mehmed II
Slave troops of the Ottoman empire forcibly conscripted as adolescents from conquered territories were called Janissaries
What was the principle of succession within the Ottoman empire? The Ottoman empire lacked a principle of succession.
The Safavid family had its origins in the fourteenth century in a family devoted to what variant of Islam? The Shi'a
Which of the following was a result of the Ottoman loss of monopoly over the Indian trade? Direct carriage of eastern goods to ports in the West implied loss of revenues in taxes in Muslim trading centers.
The Ottoman empire halted the advance of Shi'ism and the Safavids at the critical battle of Chaldiran
Which of the following represents a similarity between the Ottomans and the Safavids? Both recruited regiments from slave boys
What Shah was responsible for the greatest patronage of the arts and for the rebuilding of much of Isfahan? Abbas the Great
Which of the following represents a difference between the Safavid and Ottoman economies? The Safavid market economy was more constricted than that of the Ottomans.
What was the status of women in the Islamic heartlands during the early modern period is most accurate? Many women in the Islamic heartlands in this era struggled against social restrictions in dress and confinement.
The founder of the Mughal dynasty was Babur
Whom did the first Mughal emperor defeat at the battle of Panipat in 1526? Muslim ruler of Delhi
Which of the following is an accomplishment of Babur? He wrote one of the great histories of India.
What was the economy of the Mughal empire? European traders brought products from throughout Asia to exchange for the subcontinent's famed cotton textiles.
The Ottoman Janissaries were legally slaves originally recruited from conquered territories as adolescents (True or False) True
The real power of the Ottoman rulers persisted much longer than that of the Abbasids. (True or False) True
The later Safavid Shahs played down claims to divinity that had been set forth under Ismail and ceased claiming descent from one of the Shi'ite imams. (True or False) False
The Safavid economy was generally more market oriented than that of the Ottomans because of their sponsorship of Portuguese trade. (True or False) False
The Mughal emperor Akbar promoted Hindus to the highest ranks of his government, ended a longstanding ban on the building of new Hindu temples, and ordered Muslims to respect cows. (True or False) True
By the 1350s the __________ had advanced from their strongholds in Asia Minor across the Bosporus into Europe. Ottomans
In May 1453 the city of Constantinople fell to the armies of __________, called the Conqueror. Mehmed II
The Ottoman imperial armies were increasingly dominated by troops called __________, men who had been forcibly conscripted as adolescent boys in conquered territories. Janissaries
Day-to-day administration in the Ottoman empire was carried out by a large bureaucracy headed by a grand __________. Vizier
The most spectacular mosque built during the Ottoman era was the __________, built during the reign of one of the most successful sultans. Suleymaniye
Like the Ottomans, the __________ arose from the struggles of rival Turkic groups in the wake of Timurid invasions, but they espoused the Shi'ite variant of Islam. Safavids
In the early fourteenth century a Sufi, __________, began a militant campaign to purify and reform Islam among the Turkic tribes of Iran Sail al-Din
As the numbers of the "__________" (as the followers of the Safavids were called) grew, they faced increasing resistance based on religious opposition. Red Heads
In 1501 a Sufi commander named __________ took the city of Tabriz and was proclaimed shah or emperor Ismail
In August of 1514 the Ottoman empire dealt the Safavids a severe setback at the battle of __________. Chaldiran
The Safavid empire reached the height of its strength and prosperity under Shah __________. Abbas the Great
Although the later Safavid Shahs played down claims to divinity that had been set forth under Ismail and his predecessors, they continued to claim descent from one of the Shi'ite __________ or successors of Ali. imams
__________, who were both local mosque officials and prayer leaders, were also supervised by and given some support from the Safavid state. Mullahs
The splendid seat of Safavid power, the capital at __________, was laid out around a great square. Isfahan
Following the fall of the Safavid capital in 1722, a soldier-adventurer named __________ proclaimed himself Shah in 1736. Nadir Khan Afshar
_________ led his followers into India in 1526 because he had lost his original kingdom centered on Farghana in central Asia in the preceding decades. Babur
Having found a foothold in Kabul in 1545, __________ launched a series of campaigns into India that gradually restored Mughal rule in 1556. Humayan
The Mughal ruler __________ pursued a policy of reconciliation and cooperation with the Hindu princes. Akbar
Akbar considered his new religion, the __________, which blended elements of many faiths with which he was familiar, as the long-term key to his efforts to reconcile Hindus and Muslims. Din-i-Ilahi
Akbar did legally prohibit __________ or the immolation of high-caste Hindu women on their husbands' funeral pyre. Sati
The best-known architectural work of the Mughal world was the __________ which fused the Hindu love of ornament with the Islamic genius for domes and arches. Taj Mahal
Jahangir's wife, __________, continually amassed power and her faction dominated the empire for much of the later years of Jahangir's reign. Nur Jahan
__________, Shah Jahan's son and successor, seized control of an empire that was threatened by internal decay and growing dangers from external enemies. Aurangzeb
The rise of new religious sects like the __________ in northwest India further strained the declining resources of an imperial system that was clearly overextended Sikhs
Created by: desilva13