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World History Chapter 5 Egypt

The Book of the Dead To learn how to obtain life after death, the Egyptians studied the __________________.
medicine The ancient Egyptian civilization was the first to publish books describing advances in the field of ______________.
calendar While building the pyramids, the Egyptians developed a _____________, with 365 days.
King Khufu The Great Pyramid in Giza was built for which pharaoh?
theocracy In a(n) ____________________, the ruler is both a political and religious leader.
bureaucrats Government officials appointed by the pharaoh, called ____________________, carried out his orders.
embalming Knowledge learned from ____________________ helped Egyptians develop medical knowledge.
pyramids Archaeologists study the ____________________ to learn about life in ancient Egypt.
middle Traders, artisans, and scribes made up ancient Egypt’s ____________________ class.
the lifeblood The Nile has been called “___________________" Egypt, because of the fertile soil for farming.
spring flood Egyptians took advantage of the Nile’s yearly _______________ and became successful farmers.
dynasty The type of government in Egypt after 3100 B.C. was a ________________.
organized government What was the effect of increased farming and trade?
papyrus A reed plant used to make paper.
cataract dangerous, rocky, fast-moving water.
delta A fan-shaped area of fertile marshland formed where the Nile River meets the Mediterranean Sea.
dynasty A line of rulers from one family line.
hieroglyphics The Egyptian writing system that uses thousands of picture symbols representing objects and ideas.
shadoof A bucket attached to a long pole used to transfer river water to storage basins.
Narmer He unified Egypt by marrying a princess from lower Egypt.
pharaoh The general term for a ruler in ancient Egypt.
bureaucrat A government official.
embalming The process of treating the body to keep it from decaying.
pyramid A great stone tomb built for an Egyptian pharaoh.
isolated Separate from others.
Kemet Term meaning "black land", where early Egyptians lived.
Re Egyptian sun god
Hapi Egyptian river god
Isis and Osiris These two gods ruled over the world of the dead.
natron Priests covered the body in this kind of salt, which helped to dry a body.
Bastet Goddess of cats, women and children,goddess of pleasure.
Anubis God of funerals and protector of the dead
Seth God of darkness, chaos, and confusion
Bes Protected women in childbirth
Sekhmet Goddess of medicine
Horus Sky god
Hatshepsut She was one of the few women to rule Egypt she avoided military conquests and expanded Egypt's economy.
Ramses II This Egyptian ruler built many new temples during the new Kingdom period
Red Sea The pharaohs had a canal built between the Nile and this sea
Hyksos Egyptians learned how to steer horse-drawn chariots from them.
incense A material burned for its pleasant smell
envoys representatives
Thutmose Egyptian armies captured nearly 350 cities during his reign
Amenhotep He tried, unsuccessfully, to change Egypt's religion.
Sahara The Nubian people came from the African savannas south of this area
Kerma This Nubian kingdom was formed when stronger villages overtook weaker ones
Kush They eventually conquered Egypt
Assyrians Took over the rule of Egypt form the Kush
Napata the first city from which the earliest Kushite kings ruled
savanna grassy plains, that stretch across Africa south of the Sahara
iron furnaces Meroë, however, was different from a typical Egyptian city because it contained these
Created by: Ms Plyler