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Chapter 6

Vocabulary, Chronology, and Pirate Chart

QuestionAnswer
In what period did the Austronesian migrations to Pacific islands begin? In the period 1500 B.C.E.–700 C.E.
What happen during the period 1500–500 B.C.E.? The Lapita society began
During what period did the Austronesian migrations to New Guinea happened? During the period 3000 B.C.E.
Other than the Austronesian migrations to New Guinea, what happen during the period 3000 B.C.E.? Origins of agriculture in New Guinea
What happened during the 60,000 B.C.E.? Human migration to Australia and New Guinea
In what period did the Mochica society happened? 300–700 C.E.
In what period did the Maya Society happened? 300–1100 C.E.
In what period did Teotihuacan society? 200 B.C.E.–750 C.E.
During what period Chavín cult happened? 1000–300 B.C.E.
When did the Olmec society happened? 1200–100 B.C.E.
When did the Origins of agriculture in South America came by? 3000 B.C.E.
What happened in the period 4000 B.C.E.? Origins of maize cultivation in Mesoamerica
During the 8000–7000 B.C.E., where did the Origins of agriculture came? In Mesoamerica.
During what period did the in Human migration to North America from Siberia? 13,000 B.C.E.
Mesoamerica Mesoamerica refers to a geographical and cultural area which extends from central Mexico down through Central America.
Civilization A civilization is a culture that has developed complex systems of government, education, and religion.
Mother Culture is a way of life that strongly influences later cultures. The mother Culture
Glyph a sculptured figure or relief carving.
Archaeologist a specialist in archaeology, the scientific study of prehistoric peoples and their cultures by analysis of their artifacts, inscriptions, monuments
Causeways a raised road or path, as across low or wet ground.
Chinampas (in Mesoamerica) a long and narrow floating field on a shallow lake bed, artificially built up by layering soil, sediment, and decaying vegetation and used, especially by the Aztecs, to grow crops.
Conquistador one of the Spanish conquerors of Mexico and Peru in the 16th century.
Political: Olmec Rulers
Interaction with Environment: Olmec Agriculture Moved form Siberia to Alaska No large domesticated animals
Religious: Olmec ceremonial centers (probably gods)
Arts and Architecture: Olmec elaborate complexes built huge pyramids
Technology: Olmec /
Economics: Olmec trade in jade and obsidian
Society: Olmec /
Political: Maya tikal
Interaction with Environment: Maya Guatemala agriculture
Religious: Maya polytheistic sacrifices
Arts and Architecture: Maya /
Technology: Maya /
Economics: Maya Merchants=trade
Society: Maya slaves hierarchial
Political: Oceania chiefs
Interaction with Environment: Oceania Australia New Guinea agriculture
Religious: Oceania gods?
Arts and Architecture: Oceania pottery with geometric shapes
Technology: Oceania outrigger canoes
Economics: Oceania hunting gathering trade
Society: Oceania hierarchical divine or semi-devine chiefs